Free Essays

English - Shakespeare
Richard III 1. "The tragedy of Richard III lies in the progressive isolation of its protagonist". Discuss. From the very opening of the play when Richard III enters "solus", the protagonist\'s isolation is made clear. Richard\'s isolation progresses as he separates himself from the other characters and breaks the natural bonds between Man and nature through his efforts to gain power. The first scene of the play begins with a soliloquy, which emphasizes Richard\'s physical isolation as he appear...

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Richard III of England, Shakespearean histories, English people, British people, Royalty, English-language films, Knights of the Garter, British films, Richard III, Richard II, Richard I of England, Cultural depictions of Richard III of England
Merchant of Venice Essay
Many people are villainous in the way they act, and their villainous acts may be rooted in the desire to destroy others, or in the hopes of elevating themselves. Many people may only act "villainous" in reaction to the way they have been treated in the past. Shylock the Jew is the villain or antagonist in the play The Merchant of Venice. Shylock mistreats Antonio the Christian, his daughter, Jessica and Launcelot. The first person Shylock mistreats, is Launcelot. He mistreats this servant by...

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Film, Literature, Italian films, William Shakespeare, British films, English-language films, Orientalism, The Merchant of Venice, Shylock, Antonio, Miser, The Maori Merchant of Venice
MacBeth
Macbeth Historical MacBeth compared to Shakespeare\'s MacBeth Although most of Shakespeare\'s play " MacBeth " is not historically accurate, MacBeth\'s life is the subject of the tragedy. There are characters and events that are based on true events and real persons but, Shakespeare\'s "MacBeth " differs significantly from history\'s MacBeth. The first example of a difference between the Shakespeare "MacBeth" and historical MacBeth is the death of Duncan I. In Shakespeare\'s " MacBeth ", Duncan...

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Characters in Macbeth, Fiction, English-language films, House of Moray, Literature, Scottish people, British films, Regicides, Macbeth, King of Scotland, Macbeth, Three Witches, Gruoch of Scotland
Fate? Are You Sure?
Bob Walker [English-Shakespeare] As one goes through life, many things shape personality and alter the direction one takes in life. These things usually take the form of events that one can look back on and evaluate; one may say, "I knew I wanted to become [a writer, painter, king]...here," or wish one could go back and do it all again. These \'turning points\' are very important, and they may result in drastic changes. These changes, however, may be interpreted as fated (that is, predetermined...

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Robert Walker, Are You Sure?, Shakespeare, Bob Walker, Shakespeare Company
Subject = English
subject = English title = Witches in Macbeth papers = To what extent are the witches in the tragedy Macbeth responsible for Macbeth’s actions? The Three witches in the tragedy Macbeth are introduced right at the beginning of the play. They recount to Macbeth three prophesies. That Macbeth will be Thane of Cawdor, Thane of Glams and King. These prophesies introduce Macbeth to ideas of greatness. Macbeth will eventually follow through on killing king Duncan. It was sometimes thought that the witch...

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Characters in Macbeth, Fiction, Macbeth, English-language films, Literature, Regicides, British films, House of Moray, Three Witches, Banquo, King Duncan, Gruoch of Scotland
Macbeth
In the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, we discover that Macbeth is a tragic hero. Macbeth is very ambitious, courageous, and a moral coward: all these things lead to his tragic death at the end of the play. At the beginning of the play, Shakespeare defines Macbeth as a hero very clearly. From the courages in defense of Scotland is significant in the opening scene. However, he is very ambitious to be king. At the beginning of the play, he was loyal to the king. While he did imagine of murde...

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Characters in Macbeth, English-language films, Macbeth, Fiction, Film, British films, Australian films, House of Moray, Banquo, Macduff, Malcolm, Gruoch of Scotland
Macbeth: Tragedy or Satire?
Macbeth: Tragedy or Satire? William Shakespeare wrote four great tragedies, the last of which was written in 1606 and titled Macbeth. This "tragedy", as it is considered by societal critics of yesterday\'s literary world, scrutinizes the evil dimension of conflict, offering a dark and gloomy atmosphere of a world dominated by the powers ofdarkness. Macbeth, more so than any of Shakespeare\'s other tragic protagonists, has to face the powers and decide: should he succumb or should he resist? Mac...

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Characters in Macbeth, Fiction, English-language films, Macbeth, Literature, British films, Regicides, House of Moray, Macduff, Three Witches, Banquo, Malcolm
Macbeth Essay
I am going to prove that in the play Macbeth, a symbol of blood is portrayed often(and with different meanings), and that it is a symbol that is developed until it is the dominating theme of the play towards the end of it. To begin with, I found the word "blood", or different forms of it forty-two times (ironically, the word fear is used forty-two times), with several other passages dealing with the symbol. Perhaps the best way to show how the symbol of blood changes throughout the play, is to...

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Characters in Macbeth, English-language films, Fiction, Film, British films, William Shakespeare, Regicides, Macbeth, Macduff, Banquo, Guilt, Fleance
MACBETH
Macbeth is presented as a mature man of definitely established character, successful in certain fields of activity and enjoying an enviable reputation. We must not conclude, there, that all his volitions and actions are predictable; Macbeth\'s character, like any other man\'s at a given moment, is what is being made out of potentialities plus environment, and no one, not even Macbeth himself, can know all his inordinate self-love whose actions are discovered to be-and no doubt have been for a l...

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Ethics, Philosophy, Sin, Crime, Dichotomies, Value, Characters in Macbeth, Macbeth, Banquo, Good and evil, Conscience, Evil
Subject = British Literature
subject = British Literature title = A Critical Analysis of King Leer\'s Daughters\'Attraction to Edmund. Shakespeare’ King Lear is a story of treachery and deceit. The villainy of the play knows no bounds. Family lines are ignored in an overwhelming quest for power. This villainy is epitomized in the character of Edmund, bastard son of the Earl of Gloucester. Edmund is displayed as a " most toad-spotted traitor." When we first see Edmund, he is already knee deep in treachery. His need for power...

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King Lear, British films, Arts, Fiction, Films, English-language films, Operas, Edmund, Regan, Goneril, Ran, Cordelia
King lear Assignment
English OAC Shakespeare\'s tragedy King Lear is a detailed description of the consequences of one man\'s decisions. This fictitious man is Lear, King of England, who\'s decisions greatly alter his life and the lives of those around him. As Lear bears the status of King he is, as one expects, a man of great power but sinfully he surrenders all of this power to his daughters as a reward for their demonstration of love towards him. This untimely abdication of his throne results in a chain reaction...

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King Lear, Literature, Fiction, Film, Cordelia, Goneril, Regan, Fool, Lear, Ran, William Shakespeare, The History of King Lear
Julius Ceaser Essay: Brutus Character Analysis
Marcus Brutus William Shakespeare’s play, The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, is mainly based on the assassination of Julius Caesar. The character who was in charge of the assassination was, ironically, Marcus Brutus, a servant and close friend to Julius Caesar. But what would cause a person to kill a close friend? After examining Brutus’ relationship to Caesar, his involvement in the conspiracy, and his importance to the plot, the truth can be revealed. Marcus Brutus, a servant and close friend to C...

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Prosopography of Ancient Rome, Ancient Rome, 1st millennium BC, Cultural depictions of Julius Caesar, Julius Caesar, Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, Junii, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Et tu, Brute?, Brutus, Marcus Junius Brutus, Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus
Jesse Goodrich 4/27/97
Mrs.Clements Essay Julius Caesar William Shakespeare had a great understanding of human experiences. In the tragedy Julius Caesar, written by Shakespeare, the characters face problems still present today. Some examples of these problems are; manipulation, friends turning on friends, and not listening to others\' warnings. In the play most of the problems were connected with Marcus Brutus, a close friend of Caesar\'s. First, is manipulation. Brutus manipulates Antony and all of Rome that Caesar\...

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Ancient Rome, Cultural depictions of Julius Caesar, 1st millennium BC, Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, Junii, Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, The Ides of March, Ides of March, Brutus, Et tu, Brute?, Emperor
Hamlet
Horatio\'s Speech to Fortinbras Sir Fortinbras and noble knights of the army of Norway, I stand before you today to tell a tale of a martyred hero to whom we must remember. Hamlet be thy name. He was a friend and a leader. About eight months ago Hamlet was distraught, I\'d never seen him like this before. He had a good excuse, I mean his father had just died, his mom, god rest her soul, remarried not even a month afterwards. Hamlet\'s affair with Ophilia was dwindling in his giant fire of emoti...

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Characters in Hamlet, Fiction, Film, English-language films, Literature, British films, Prince Hamlet, Hamlet, Ghost, King Claudius, Laertes, Horatio
Kelly Couch
March 3, 1997 Period 1 Movie Critique Movie Critique The movie of Hamlet was an excellent, as far as book-movies go. I believe it was produced with focus, reason, and logic. The characters were also portrayed with a good interpretation. There were several changes to the play compared to the book, although the movie was done in such a way that they were not particularly missed, from the movie\'s point of view. Although, from my point of view, after reading the book, there were several somewhat i...

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Film, English-language films, Fiction, British films, Literature, Characters in Hamlet, Prince Hamlet, Hamlet, Ghost, Hamlet in popular culture, Gertrude
Title = Hamlet
title = Hamlet papers = Please put your paper here. Hamlet "Hamlet is the inner person of all mankind" as stated by actor Alan Bates. What did Mr. Bates mean by this? Could he be referring to the love, the corruption, the revenge, or the insanity displayed by Hamlet; or was he referring to more than we know. What did Shakespeare know about the depths of man and the battle inside to write a play that would captivate every generation to come from then on. What would we learn if we analyzed Hamlet?...

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Characters in Hamlet, Fiction, Film, Literature, Prince Hamlet, Ophelia, Gertrude, Hamlet, Laertes, Polonius, Horatio, Ghost
Kelly Couch
February 19, 1997 Character Journal Period 1 Hamlet - Act 4 I have been questioned over and over again, in many different ways by these to \'friends\', Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, about the placement of Polonius. I plan on never telling them this, for they need not know. They are only pretending to be my friends now, as the king has been sending them on information journeys to me. Now, I will speak to the king, Claudius, as he requests. Once again, I am questioned about the place of the dead...

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Literature, Characters in Hamlet, Fiction, Film, Prince Hamlet, Hamlet, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Fortinbras, Gertrude, Polonius, I, Claudius, Claudius
Kelly Couch
February 13, 1997 Period 1 Character Journal Hamlet I have continued to fool King Claudius, Gertrude, and the rest of the royal family. They still believe I am mad and this should help me to find out for sure if Claudius is indeed guilty or I have seen a devil ghost. When Ophilia came to me, saying she had some things to return, it enraged me. I told her that I had never loved her and that there are no male figures that will ever love a woman truly, but that they think only of themselves and ar...

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Characters in Hamlet, Fiction, Literature, Prosopography of Ancient Rome, Hamlet, I, Claudius, Gertrude, King Claudius, Polonius, Claudius, Claudia, Horatio
Kelly Couch
February 5, 1997 Period 1 Character Journal Act 2 Hamlet I have succeeded in tricking the whole royal family into thinking I am \'mad.\' Ophilia, Polonius, Gertrude, Claudius, and all the rest of them believe that I am heart-broken and losing my mind. This should play right into my trap. Since I now know of the players that are in town, I can continue my plan that consists of disposing of Claudius. Fooling the royal family was a simple task. They believe that I have become mad because of the fo...

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Fiction, Characters in Hamlet, Literature, Hamlet, Gertrude, Polonius, I, Claudius, Ghost
Macbeth
Independence and Failure Peasants of the early sixteenth century are often pictured carrying a bundle of limbs tied with vines on their backs. This is a perfect metaphor for the events in Macbeth. Macbeth is one of many thanes, or limbs, bundled together. The thanes are united by the king, or the vine. Scotland, or the peasant, carries the bundle by the sweat of his brow. They carry the bundle for fires on cold nights, or wars, and to build homes, or castles, to protect them from the elements,...

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Characters in Macbeth, English-language films, Fiction, Film, William Shakespeare, British films, Regicides, House of Moray, Macbeth, Macduff, Fleance, Banquo
Kelly Couch
2/4/97 Per 1 Character Journal Hamlet The last couple days have been miserable for me. The sudden death of my father has complicated my whole life and is causing me much grief. As well, my girlfriend has apparently been forbidden to see me and I have no idea why. My mother is being a jerk. She has remarried after only 2 months of my fathers\' horrible murder. He was the most wonderful man. He ruled fairly over all of Elsinore and his people were proud of him, but now he has been murdered. I WIL...

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Characters in Hamlet, Fiction, Literature, Theatre, Prince Hamlet, Hamlet, Gertrude, Polonius, Laertes, Critical approaches to Hamlet
English 106
4 December 1996 Hamlet Analyzed in Terms of Aristotle\'s Poetics Aristotle’s Poetics is considered the guide to a well written tragedy; his methods have been used for centuries. In Aristotle’s opinion, plot is the most important aspect of the tragedy, all other parts such as character, diction, and thought stem from the plot. Aristotle defines a tragedy as "...an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic orna...

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Literature, Fiction, Entertainment, Characters in Hamlet, Ancient Greek theatre, English-language films, Narratology, Plot, Hamlet, Poetics, Tragedy, Aristotle
Kelly Couch
February 25, 1997 Period 1 Character Journal Hamlet - Act V I have much to write about on this day, yet I cannot rightfully do it because I have tragically been killed. So, I will tell the story, as a spirit to the world. My life ended in a miserable way. Revenge was on my mind, as well as others. I completed the task that I had set forth to myself. I will start where I last left off. As I am walking with Horatio to the burial of Ophilia, we hear a gravedigger singing of odd things. We stop and...

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Characters in Hamlet, English-language films, Film, British films, Fiction, Arts, Laertes, Prince Hamlet, Hamlet, Gertrude, Horatio, Yorick
Name = Spencer
name = Spencer email = Steelvengence@hotmail.com publish = yes subject = English title = Hamlet: Characters and plot papers = Hamlet by William Shakespeare Laertes and Hamlet both display impulsive reactions when angered. Once Laertes discovers his father has been murdered Laertes immediately assumes the slayer is Claudius. As a result of Laertes’s speculation he instinctively moves to avenge Polonius’s death. "To hell, allegiance! vows, to the blackest devil! Conscience and grace, to the profou...

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Characters in Hamlet, English-language films, Film, Fiction, Entertainment, British films, Laertes, Polonius, Hamlet, Ophelia, Gertrude, Critical approaches to Hamlet
Hamlet by Shakespeare
Hamlet\'s Sanity Hamlet appears to be insane, after Polonius\'s death, in act IV scene II. There are indications, though, that persuade me to think other wise. Certainly, Hamlet has plenty of reasons to be insane at this point. His day has been hectic-he finally determined Claudius had killed his father, the chance to kill Claudius confronted him, he comes very close to convincing Gertrude that Claudius killed his father, he accidentally kills Polonius, and finally the ghost of his father visit...

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Characters in Hamlet, Fiction, Film, Literature, English-language films, British films, Hamlet, Gertrude, Ophelia, Polonius, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Critical approaches to Hamlet
Shakespeare and his Theater
Compared to the technical theaters of today, the London public theaters in the time of Queen Elizabeth I seem to be terribly limited. The plays had to be performed during daylight hours only and the stage scenery had to be kept very simple with just a table, a chair, a throne, and maybe a tree to symbolize a forest. Many say that these limitations were in a sense advantages. What the theater today can show for us realistically, with massive scenery and electric lighting, Elizabethan playgoers h...

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Theatre, Entertainment, Literature, Shakespearean tragedies, English Renaissance theatre, English drama, William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, Stage, Shakespeare's Globe, Theater
There are many different kinds of nothing.
"" Richard III Man of a Thousand Faces by Jonathon Schuster Face 1 The Richard as seen in the play A wicked villain with some heart Shakespeare is going along with the villain idea but makes him human through the giving of a conscience p. 300 of the below Face 2 The Complete Works of Shakespeare editor- Hardin Craig Pub. Scott Foresman & Co. Chicago 1951 Pure evil genius absolute villain"scapegoat for the crimes of his family and his time" p. 300"a villain and a usurper beyond the pale of human...

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English people, British people, Shakespearean histories, European people, Richard III of England, House of Tudor, House of York, Retrospective diagnosis, Polydore Vergil, Henry VII of England, William Shakespeare, Richard III
The Role of Enobarbus in Acts I and II of Antony
The Role of Enobarbus in Acts I and II of "Antony and Cleopatra" In Shakespeare’s tragedy/history/Roman play Antony and Cleopatra, we are told the story of two passionate and power-hungry lovers. In the first two Acts of the play we are introduced to some of the problems and dilemmas facing the couple (such as the fact that they are entwined in an adulterous relationship, and that both of them are forced to show their devotion to Caesar). Along with being introduced to Antony and Cleopatra’s str...

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Cultural depictions of Cleopatra, 1st millennium BC, Film, English-language films, Julius Caesar, Historical fiction, Antony and Cleopatra, Cleopatra, Mark Antony
Romeo & Juliet
Study Guide CHARACTERS 1. Stage Manager-When the play is read aloud, and the actors remain seated the stage manager reads the play directions. These are the words in italics that describe what\'s happening on stage. Capulet\'s 2. Lord Capulet 3. Lady Capulet-his wife 4. Juliet-their daughter 5. Tybalt-Juliets Cousin 6. Sampson 7. Gregory Montague\'s 8. Lord Montague 9. Lady Montague-his wife 10. Romeo-their son 11. Benvolio 12. Mercutio 13. Abraham Other 14. Nurse-Juliets Nurse 15. Friar Lauren...

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Characters in Romeo and Juliet, Romeo and Juliet, Literature, English-language films, British films, Italian films, Films, Mercutio, Tybalt, Romeo & Juliet, Romeo + Juliet, Nurse
Bringing it all together
The Epilogue of the Tempest by William Shakespeare is an excellent - if not the best - example of Shakespeare\'s brilliance. In 20 lines Shakespeare is able to write an excellent ending to his play, while speaking through his characters about Shakespeare\'s own life and career. Even more amazingly, he seemlessly ties the two together. In the context of the story Prospero\'s monologue makes perfect sense. He has lost his magical power, so his "charms are o\'erthrown, and what strength [Prospero]...

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Fiction, Literature, Theatre, Prospero, The Tempest, William Shakespeare
Myopic little men in tuxedos, or highly efficient
land/water animals? Recent research indicates there\'s more to penguins than meets the eye. If you\'ve every wondered what it would be like to be able to see as clearly under water as you can on land, just ask the nearest penguin.Most aquatic animals are short-sighted on land. Most terrestrial animals (and that includes us) are far-sighted under water. But researchers have discovered that penguins can apparently see equally well in both environments, because of the unique structure of their eye...

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Flightless birds, Penguins, Perception, Vision, Nervous system, Sensory organs, Visual system, Seabirds, Eye, Bird vision, Lens, Cornea
What is Operating System?
An operating system is a program that acts an intermediary between a user of a computer and the computer hardware. The purpose of an operating system is to provide an environment in which a user can execute programs. The main purpose of an operating is to make the computer system convenient to use and user can the computer hardware in an efficient manner. An operating system is similar to a government. The components of a computer system are its hardware, software, and data. The operating syste...

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Software, Computing, Computer architecture, Computing platforms, Microsoft Windows, Operating system, Windows NT, Operating environment, Windows 10, Windows XP, Windows 95, Linux
Radioactive wastes, must for the protection of man
kind be stored or disposed in such a manner that isolation from the biosphere is assured until they have decayed to innocuous levels. If this is not done, the world could face severe physical problems to living species living on this planet. Some atoms can disintegrate spontaneously. As they do, they emit ionizing radiation. Atoms having this property are called radioactive. By far the greatest number of uses for radioactivity in Canada relate not to the fission, but to the decay of radioactive...

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Nuclear physics, Physics, Radioactivity, Nature, Nuclear technology, Hazardous waste, Environmental impact of nuclear power, Radioactive waste, Waste, Vitrification, Toxic waste, Radionuclide
Do you think muscles are important? Do you have an
idea of what they are made of? Well, here is some food for thought: your muscles make up forty percent of your body weight. If you like that interesting fact maybe you\'ll learn some more. The muscular system has three main types of muscles. These are: smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscles. Your smooth muscles are what line most hollow organs and these are involuntary muscles. If you are wondering what involuntary muscles are, these muscles automatically move without having to think about it. So...

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Anatomy, Muscular system, Muscle, Skeletal muscle, Biological system, Respiratory system, Anatomical terms of muscle, Book:Muscular system
Alzheimer's Disease is a progressive and irreversi
Alzheimer\'s Disease is a progressive and irreversible brain disease that destroys mental and physical functioning in human beings, and invariably leads to death. It is the fourth leading cause of adult death in the United States. Alzheimer\'s creates emotional and financial catastrophe for many American families every year. Fortunately, a large amount of progress is being made to combat Alzheimer\'s disease every year. To fully be able to comprehend and combat Alzheimer\'s disease, one must kno...

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Medicine, Clinical medicine, Dementia, Anatomy, Histopathology, Neurology, Medical signs, Alzheimer's disease, Senile plaques, Neurofibrillary tangle, Cerebral amyloid angiopathy, Tauopathy
On December 10, 1986 the Greater New York Section
of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and the engineering section of the New York Academy of Sciences jointly presented a program on mining the planets. Speakers were Greg Maryniak of the Space Studies Institute (SSI) and Dr. Carl Peterson of the Mining and Excavation Research Institute of M.I.T. Maryniak spoke first and began by commenting that the quintessential predicament of space flight is that everything launched from Earth must be accelerated to orbital velocit...

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Spaceflight, Energy, Outer space, Space colonization, Space technology, Emerging technologies, Spacecraft propulsion, Space-based solar power, Moon, Asteroid, Space habitat, Mass driver
Migraine headaches are the result of a disturbance
in the neurochemistry of the central nervous system. They are relatively common, affecting three times as many women as men. Migraine sufferers typically report a definite pattern to their headaches, and they can report what stimuli bring them on. Most migraine sufferers experience their first attack before the age of 20. There is no single cause of migraines, but the tendency to get migraines does tend to run in families. When a migraine occurs, it means that something has altered several of t...

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Neurochemistry, Neuroscience, Nervous system, Migraine, Vasoconstrictors, Caffeine, Serotonin, Triptan, Headache, Neurotransmitter, Sumatriptan, Antidepressant
You might remember the heroic role that newly-inve
nted radar played in the Second World War. People hailed it then as "Our Miracle Ally". But even in its earliest years, as it was helping win the war, radar proved to be more than an expert enemy locator. Radar technicians, doodling away in their idle moments, found that they could focus a radar beam on a marshmallow and toast it. They also popped popcorn with it. Such was the beginning of microwave cooking. The very same energy that warned the British of the German Luftwaffe invasion and that p...

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Electromagnetic radiation, Electromagnetism, Radiation, Electromagnetic spectrum, Ovens, Electrical components, Wireless, Microwave oven, Microwave, Infrared, Cavity magnetron, Waveguide
It seems as though every time we turn around there
is a new health fad, be it a drug, herb or diet. Within the past 10 years the drug melatonin has hit the market and seems to have made quite a splash with the public and the media. At a time when an estimated thirty to forty million Americans suffer from serious sleep disorders that interfere with their sleep quality and health, many are desperate for an easy solution (Sleep Foundation 1). The media claims that this "wonder drug" melatonin is the answer to these sleep disorders and also can pre...

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Circadian rhythm, Neuroscience, Biology, Physiology, Melatonin, Pineal gland, Sleep disorder, Sleep, Jet lag, Hypnotic, Suprachiasmatic nucleus, Non-24-hour sleepwake disorder
Can there be a Relationship between Ecstasy and Me
mory in the Human Body? Target Article: Parrott, A.C & Lasky, J. (1998) Ecstasy (MDMA) effects upon mood and cognition: before, during and after a Saturday night dance. Psychopharmacology, 139, 261-268. Additional Article: Parrot, A.C., Lees, A., Garnham, N.J., Jones, M., & Wesnes, K. (1998). Cognitive performance in recreational users of MDMA of ‘ecstasy’: evidence for memory deficits. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 12, 79-83. Rationale and Variables: The Experiment that was conducted in class...

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Neurochemistry, Neuropsychology, Neuroscience, Substituted amphetamines, Euphoriants, MDMA, Methamphetamines, Stimulants, Recall, Draft:The Role of Serotonin in Visual Orientation Processing, The Role of Serotonin in Visual Orientation Processing
Marijuana can cause many harmful effects. There ha
s never been a major test though. The ones they’ve used have shown very different things. I have been very surprised by what I have been reading. I cannot believe the difference in what different scientists think. One says, "It\'s hard to know for sure whether regular marijuana use causes cancer. But it is known that marijuana contains some of the same and sometimes even more, of the cancer-causing chemicals found in tobacco smoke. Studies show that someone who smokes five joints per week may be...

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Neurochemistry, Entheogens, Cannabis, Medicine, Medicinal plants, Euphoriants, Cannabis smoking, Herbalism, Effects of cannabis, Medical cannabis, Tetrahydrocannabinol, National Institute on Drug Abuse
Lyme Arthritis
Lyme disease is a tick-transmitted inflammatory disorder characterized by an early focal skin lesion, and subsequently a growing red area on the skin (erythema chronicum migrans or ECM). The disorder may be followed weeks later by neurological, heart or joint abnormalities. Symptomatology The first symptom of Lyme disease is a skin lesion. Known as erythema chronicum migrans, or ECM, this usually begins as a red discoloration (macule) or as an elevated round spot (papule). The skin lesion usual...

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Medicine, Clinical medicine, RTT, Arthritis, Rheumatology, Autoimmune diseases, Lyme disease, Chronic Lyme disease, Erythema chronicum migrans, Rheumatoid arthritis, Knee effusion, Synovectomy
The psychedelic effects of d-Lysergic Acid Diethyl
amide-25 (LSD) were discovered by Dr. Albert Hoffman by accident in 1938. In the 1950s and 1960s, LSD was used by psychiatrists for analytic psychotherapy. It was thought that the administration of LSD could aid the patient in releasing repressed material. It was also suggested that psychiatrists themselves might develop more insight into the pathology of a diseased mind through self experimentation. 1,2 During the late 60s, LSD became popular as a recreational drug. While it has been suggested...

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Neuroscience, Biology, Cell signaling, G protein coupled receptors, 5-HT2A receptor, Serotonin, Hallucinogen, Lysergic acid diethylamide, 5-HT receptor, Neurotransmitter, 5-HT2C receptor, Neuron
Leprosy is a chronic bacterial disease of the skin
, nerves in the hands and feet and, in some cases, the lining of the nose. Leprosy is a rare disease in the United States. Anyone can get leprosy, but children seem to be more susceptible than adults. It is not clear how the leprosy germ is spread, but household and prolonged close contact is important. The germs probably enter the body through the nose and possibly through broken skin. The germs get in the air through nasal discharge of untreated lepromatous patients. Tuberculoid leprosy sympto...

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Actinomycetales, Actinobacteridae, Actinobacteria, Leprosy, Lepromatous leprosy, Mycobacterium leprae, Mycobacterium, Tuberculoid leprosy, Leprostatic agent, Lepromin
Seeing well without contact lenses and glasses is
the dream of millions of Americans and modern medical science has enabled that dream to come true (Caster, 8). Since first grade, Dede Head, a 30-year-old fitness trainer in North Carolina, has worn glasses to correct sever nearsightedness and astigmatism. Over the years she became accustomed to wearing glasses and contacts, but this has limited many important aspects of her life, including sports. She then heard of a laser eye surgery that "supposedly", helped to correct a person’s vision by m...

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Medicine, Clinical medicine, Eye surgery, LASIK, Vision, RTT, Refraction, Refractive surgery, Keratomileusis, Photorefractive keratectomy, Radial keratotomy, Near-sightedness
Introduction
Air pollution is nothing new. Ever since the discovery of fire, less-than-desirable substances have been vented into the air. One of the first air-pollution regulations dates back to the fourteenth century, when King Edward I banned the burning of sea coal in lime kilns. U.S. air-pollution regulations have their roots in British Common Law. But regardless of those efforts, air pollution continues to be a serious local and world-wide problem. Pollution is the pressure within the air of one or mo...

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Pollution, Air pollution, Atmosphere of Earth, Exhaust gas, Smoke, Smog, Vehicle emissions control, Combustion, Catalytic converter, Particulates, Flue-gas stack, Acid rain
The Internet is a method of communication and a so
urce of information that is becoming more popular among those who are interested in, and have the time to surf the information superhighway. The problem with this much information being accessible to this many people is that some of it is deemed inappropriate for minors. The government wants censorship, but a segment of the population does not. Legislative regulation of the Internet would be an appropriate function of the government. The Communications Decency Act is an amendment which prevents...

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Pornography law, Human sexuality, Obscenity law, Sexuality and society, Law, Internet censorship in the United States, Sex and the law, Content-control software, Communications Decency Act, Obscenity, Internet censorship, Censorship
Hurricanes get their start over the warm tropical
waters of the North Atlantic Ocean near the equator. Most hurricanes appear in late summer or early fall, when sea temperatures are at their highest. The warm waters heats the air above it, and the updrafts of warm, moist air begin to rise. Day after day the fluffy cumuli form atop the updrafts. But the cloud tops rarely rise higher than about 6,000 feet. At that height in the tropics, there is usually a layer of warm, dry air that acts like an invisible ceiling or lid. Once in a while, somethi...

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Meteorology, Vortices, Fluid dynamics, Tropical cyclone, Eye, Atlantic hurricane
To look up into the mountains and see the steam ro
lling from a mountain stream on a cold winters morning is a beautiful sight. However, to look out over the horizon and see the white spray of salt water coming from the blow of a huge hump-back whale is much more exciting sight and a whole lot warmer. I lived in the mountains of Colorado for most of my childhood. The first time I had the opportunity to see the ocean was on a vacation to California, when I was about 15 years old. It was even better than I had dreamed it would be. The different an...

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Baleen whales, Mammaliaformes, Cetacea, Biota, Humpback whale, Whale, Biology, Fin whale, Rorqual, Toothed whale, Blue whale
Biology (B3A) Assignment Human Disease and Their C
ontrol follow up questions 1a) When people refer to pathogens, they are talking about bacteria that cause disease. 1b)The toxins actually excreted by the pathogens are the main cause of diseases although thetoxins are only by-products of the pathogen\'s metabolism. 2a)In most cases, the toxins excreted by the pathogens find there way into the circulatory system. Thus, sometimes, the infection is caused somewhere else from where the toxins were excreted. An example of this would be Rheumatic feve...

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Medicine, Immunology, Immune system, Health care, Immunity, Tetanus, Antitoxin, Infection, Passive immunity, Pathogen, Vaccine, Antibody