Free Essays

Wind Power
annon The wind turbine, also called a windmill, is a means of harnessing the kinetic energy of the wind and converting it into electrical energy. This is accomplished by turning blades called aerofoils, which drive a shaft, which drive a motor (turbine) and ar e connected to a generator. "It is estimated that the total power capacity of winds surrounding the earth is 1 x 1011 Gigawatts" (Cheremisinoff 6). The total energy of the winds fluctuates from year to year. Windmill expert Rich...

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Energy, Meteorology, Wind power, Physical universe, Sustainable technologies, Wind, Electromechanical engineering, Energy conversion, Wind turbine, Alternative energy, Outline of wind energy, Windmill ship
Why Cells Are Small
annon Cells are the basic structural and functional units of life. As life on earth has evolved into organisms of varying complexities, two basic laws of nature have dictated why cells have remained so small. Shorter is faster. This is true both in terms of diffusion and in terms of chemical and electrical movement. By minimizing the the distance between a cells nucleus and and the numerous proteins and organelles that it must constantly regulate , a cell is maximizing the speed in which inter...

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Biology, Cell biology, Mathematics, Academia, Surface-area-to-volume ratio, Cell membrane, Surface area, Diffusion, Cell, Sphere, Gas exchange
UFO Fact Or Fiction
annon Unidentified flying objects, or UFOs, as they\'re fondly called, are one of the century\'s most intriguing and controversial mysteries. Since ancient times, UFOs of all types have been accounted for. More today than ever, hundreds of thinkers, theologians, and scientists have tried to answer why there are or whether there aren\'t UFOs. According to some, the speculation that UFOs are alien spacecrafts from another world is an absurd and foolish proposal. Others vehemently disagree and ass...

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Ufology, Science, Paranormal, Extraterrestrial life, Unidentified flying objects, Pseudoscience, Flying saucer, Little green men, Condon Committee, UFO, Morris K. Jessup, Roswell UFO incident
Turner Syndrome
annon There are many possible reasons why a child may grow slowly, including: hereditary factors (short parents), diseases affecting the kidneys; heart, lungs or intestines; hormone imbalances; severe stress or emotional deprivation; infections in the womb before birth; bone diseases; and genetic or chromosomal abnormalities. The Turner Syndrome (known as Ullrich-Turner Syndrome in Germany) is a congenital disease. A German doctor named Ullrich published his article in 1930. American doctor Hen...

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Genetics, Biology, Health, Cytogenetics, Syndromes, Chromosomal abnormalities, Chromosomes, Biology of gender, Turner syndrome, X chromosome, XY gonadal dysgenesis, Aneuploidy
How Does Technology Effect Us?
annon U.S. Wage Trends The microeconomic picture of the U.S. has changed immensely since 1973, and the trends are proving to be consistently downward for the nation’s high school graduates and high school drop-outs. “Of all the reasons given for the wage squeeze – international competition, technology, deregulation, the decline of unions and defense cuts – technology is probably the most critical. It has favored the educated and the skilled,” says M. B. Zuckerman, edito...

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Education, Euthenics, Employment classifications, Social inequality, Skill, Higher education, Diploma, Technology, Mortimer Zuckerman, Higher education in the United States
Sweeteners
annon Saccharin is an organic petroleum-based compound that is three to five hundred times sweeter than sucrose. It is non-nutritive because the human body is unable to metabolize the foreign chemical. Saccharin does not contribute calories; for this reason it is commonly used in diet foods. "The obese [feel] that saccharin is their lifeline to slimdom, and diabetics [claim] it is essential to control their blood sugar" (Brody 482). The same people who consume saccharin certainly woul...

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Sugar substitutes, Food and drink, Personal life, Saccharin, Sweetness, Sucrose, Saccharin Study and Labeling Act, Draft:Glucose intolerance by artificial sweeteners
Stress
annon Stress! What is stress!? Stress is when you want to cry for no reason. Or you just snap at people when they didn\'t do any thing!! People get stressed over little things and BIG things. Or a whole bunch of little things. Some people might get stressed from working to hard like as a stockbroker with Dean Witter. And having to support a wife and 2 kids when the stock markets is crashing! Now that would be stress. For some students it might be something as simple as getting a C on a paper. T...

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Species Concept
annon Over the last few decades the Biological Species Concept (BSC) has become predominately the dominant species definition used. This concept defines a species as a reproductive community. This though has had much refinement through the years. The earliest precursor to the concept is in Du Rietz (1930), then later Dobzhansky added to this definition in 1937.But even after this the definition was highly restrictive. The definition of a sp ecies that is accepted as the Biological species conce...

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Biology, Evolutionary biology, Biological classification, Bacterial nomenclature, Zoological nomenclature, Phylogenetics, Species problem, Species, Taxonomy, Evolution, Taxon, Phenetics
Abortion 3
annon Every year in Canada, over 100 000 murders never reach the courtroom.1 They never reach the courtroom because they are completely legal. Abortion continues to grow across the world, hurting and killing children, as well as their mothers. Abortion is i mmoral, harmful, and actions must be taken to stop it. When a woman aborts, she is not only killing her child but is also harming herself. Legal abortion is the fifth leading cause of maternal death.2 Ten percent of women undergoing abortion...

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Abortion, Fertility, Human reproduction, RTT, Reproductive rights, Sexual reproduction, David Reardon, Religion and abortion, Anti-abortion movements, Abortion debate, Abortion and Christianity
Sex Who Needs It
annon I’ve found the past couple of years to be an eye opener in the world of sexual experiences. I’m not necessarily referring to my own experiences, but those of society in general. There was a time when more smart-conscious decisions were made relating to sexual relationships. But times have changed. The pillars that hold up our individual sexual values have started to crumble. No longer can we create our own standards without feeling ostracized by the society that forms the standa...

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Sexual reproduction, Human sexuality, Sexual acts, Behavior, Fertility, Interpersonal relationships, Sexology, Intimate relationships, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual activity, Fornication, Adolescent sexuality
Scientific Classification
annon Classification is grouping together similar things. It is something that you have done in your daily life since you were a child. There are many different ways to classify organisms. There are aquatic and terrestrial animals. Certain plants can be grouped together as either trees or shrubs according to their outward appearance. Using these methods is useful for some purposes. Generally it is more useful to classify organisms in accordance with their relationships with one another. More to...

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Biology, Botanical nomenclature, Scientific terminology, Terminology, Bacterial nomenclature, Biological nomenclature, Zoological nomenclature, Carl Linnaeus, Taxonomy, Kingdom, Genus, Binomial nomenclature
Psychology A Science
annon In order to answer this question it is important to understand the definitions of both psychology and science. The word \'psychology\' comes from the Greek \'psyche\' (or soul) and \'logos\' (or study), which came to be known as the \'study of the soul\'. The American Heritage Dictionary defines psychology as: 1. the science dealing with the mind and with mental and emotional processes 2. the science of human and animal behavior. In its pure definition the dictionary has provided us with...

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Academia, Psychology, Behavior, Behavioural sciences, Applied psychology, Social psychology, Experimental psychology, Behaviorism, Cognition, Comparative psychology, Developmental psychology, Experiment
Photoperiodism
annon Plants and animals in the temperate zones respond in different ways to the amount of daylight in 24-hour periods. This response to day length is called photo periodism. It controls many activities, among them is the flowering of plants. The ability to respond to day length is linked to an inner, light-sensitive circadian rhythm. In the temperate zones, day lengths during the natural 24-hour cycle vary with the seasons. In winter and spring, the period of light lengthens; in summer and aut...

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Biology, Circadian rhythm, Botany, Units of time, Plant physiology, Photoperiodism, Zoology, Season, Clock, Deciduous, Chronobiology, Tree
Ozone
annon Ozone is an important molecule in maintaining the homeostasis in the environment. Ozone, the molecule O3, makes a layer in the stratosphere, situated 10 to 15 kilometers from the earth\'s surface. The dioxide molecule, O2 and Oxygen atom O, collide with each other result in the formation of Ozone, O3. In this reaction, the molecule O3 contains an excess of energy. Once the molecule is formed, it is not stable enough to last long. The energy-rich O3 molecules discards the excess energy by...

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Foreign relations, Law, Chemistry, Ozone depletion, Greenhouse gases, Ultraviolet radiation, Gases, Oxygen, Ozone, Chlorofluorocarbon, Photodissociation, Atmosphere of Earth
Nuclear Power
annon Most of the world’s electricity is generated by either thermal or hydroelectric power plants. Thermal power plants use fuel to boil water which makes steam. The steam turns turbines that generate electricity. Hydroelectric power plants use the great force of rushing water from a dam or a waterfall to turn the turbines. The majority of thermal power plants burn fossil fuels because thermal power plants are cheaper to maintain and have to meet less of the governments requirements compa...

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Nuclear physics, Energy, Nuclear technology, Radioactive waste, Nuclear reprocessing, Energy conversion, Radioactivity, Nuclear power, Nuclear reactor, Spent fuel pool, Spent nuclear fuel, High-level waste
Metamorphis, Relating To A Personal Incident
annon Twenty minutes had past since I was set on to the table to dry. I did not want to dwell upon my fears which were inevitable to occur, so I could do nothing but observe all the minute details that were once so trivial and overlooked but now seemed to be of such great importance. The first thing to catch my eye was the lighting in the room, I was not sure if the lights were set to be dim or if it was from all the clouds of exhaled smoke which also left a distinct smell of the burnt herb. To...

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Holocaust literature, Night, Literature, Blue Ridge Quartet
Marijuana Effects
annon Marijuana is a mood altering or psychoactive drug that has many nicknames, such as pot, weed, ganja, sensi, herb, and others. It is an ancient drug that dates back to hundreds of years to Asia. Many cultures have used it during meditation, religious worship, and for intoxication. Marijuana itself comes from the Indian Hemp plant. It is the third most widely used drug in the United States, according to a survey taken in 1988, and it is the number one illegally used drug in the United State...

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Medicinal plants, Cannabis smoking, Cannabis, Medicine, Health, Herbalism, Entheogens, Euphoriants, Medical cannabis, Effects of cannabis, Legality of cannabis, Drug user
Current Status of Malaria Vaccinology
annon In order to assess the current status of malaria vaccinology one must first take an overview of the whole of the whole disease. One must understand the disease and its enormity on a global basis. Malaria is a protozoan disease of which over 150 million cases are reported per annum. In tropical Africa alone more than 1 million children under the age of fourteen die each year from Malaria. From these figures it is easy to see that eradication of this disease is of the utmost importance. The...

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Malaria, Plasmodium, Medicine, Biology, Microbiology, Vaccines, Hypothetical technology, Malaria vaccine, Gametocyte, Circumsporozoite protein, Antigen, Plasmodium falciparum
Annon
LSD annon Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) LSD), a potent hallucinogenic drug, also called a psychedelic, first synthesized from lysergic acid in Switzerland in l038. Lysergic acid is a white odorless drug, a component of the mold of ERGOT. Ergot is a product of the fungus Claviceps purpurea. Th e bio-active ingredients of ergot are all derivatives of lysergic acid. LSD is a semi-synthetic derivative of lysergic acid. Thus LSD is an “ergot” - like substance. The drug evokes dreamlike c...

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Neurochemistry, Chemistry, Counterculture of the 1960s, Biochemistry, Entheogens, Eli Lilly and Company, Lysergic acid diethylamide, Mind control, Hallucinogen, Psychedelic drug, Recreational drug use, Psychedelic music
Abortion 2
annon A MATTER OF CHOICE The topic of abortion is one of the most controversial of our times. It has caused countless deaths and several violent confrontations between the two separate parties of opinion. The fight between pro-life and pro-choice supporters has been long and brutal. This is because, despite what several people may believe, abortion is neither right nor wrong. It is a matter of personal opinion. In this way, each side can say with certainty that the other is wrong. Therefore the...

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Fertility, Gender studies, Human reproduction, Law, Sexual revolution, Abortion, Sexual reproduction, Reproductive rights, United States pro-choice movement, Roe v. Wade, Religion and abortion, Abortion in the United States
Kingdom Monera
annon Kingdom Monera 1. Unicellular 2. Sometime form groups or filaments 3. Prokaryotic 4. Nutrition mainly absorbed, Sometimes photosynthetic or chemosynthetic 5. Cell wall is a polysaccuride with a polypeptide cross-links 6. Reproduction through binary fissions, some exchange genetic material Kingdom Protista 1. Unicellular 2. Colonial 3. Some are unicellular with eukaryotic cells 4. Lack specialized tissues 5. Include both heterotrophic and autotrophic Kingdom Fungi 1. Eukaryotic heterotroph...

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Biology, Developmental biology, Protist, Cell biology, Monera, Unicellular organism, Eukaryote, Multicellular organism, Cell, Kingdom, Organism, Plant
Hypnotism
annon The Encarta Encyclopedia defines hypnosis as,"altered state of consciousness and heightened responsiveness to suggestion; it may be induced by normal persons by a variety of methods and has been used occasionally in medical and psychiatric treatment. Most frequently brought about through actions of an operator, or "hypnotist", who engages the attention of a subject and assigns certain tasks to him or her while uttering monotonous, repetitive verbal commands; such tasks may...

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Hypnosis, Medicine, Clinical medicine, Behavioural sciences, James Braid, Hypnotherapy, Animal magnetism, Suggestion, Milton H. Erickson, Nancy School, Franz Mesmer, Stage hypnosis
Hypnosis
annon Over the years, hypnosis has overcome a lot of skepticism. This research paper will explore the art, use, and questions about hypnosis both in recreation and in therapy. In this paper, you will learn what hypnosis is, different types of it, and different techniques for using it. Hypnosis, as defined by Roy Hunter, is "a natural state of mind, induced in everyday living much more than it is induced artificially". Another definition by Hunter is "guided meditation". Many...

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Hypnosis, Medicine, Clinical medicine, Behavioural sciences, Hypnotherapy, Stage hypnosis, Trance, Posthypnotic amnesia, Erotic hypnosis
Hypnosis
annon HOW TO GUIDE SOMEONE INTO HYPNOSIS: NOTE THAT I SAID GUIDE, YOU CAN NEVER, HYNOTISE SOMEONE, THEY MUST BE WILLING. OK, THE SUBJECT MUST BE LYING OR SITTING IN A COMFORTABLE POSITION, RELAXED, AND AT A TIME WHEN THINGS ARENT GOING TO BE INTERRUPTED. TELL THEM THE FOLLOWING OR SOMETHING CLOSE TO IT, IN A PEACEFUL, MONOTINOUS TONE (NOT A COMMANDING TONE OF VOICE) NOTE: LIGHT A CANDLE AND PLACE IT SOMEWHERE WHERE IT CAN BE EASILY SEEN. TAKE A DEEP BREATH THROUGH YOUR NOSE AND HOLD IT IN FOR A...

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Hypnosis, Psychology, Behavioural sciences, Emotions, Relaxation, Suggestion
Holistic Medicine
annon Millions of people around the world are living with pain that could be prevented with the use of alternative therapies. As a result many of these people use harmful or ineffective drugs and surgeries in an attempt to cure their ailments. With a steady schedule of massage therapy, acupuncture, and healthy foods, people can lead a healthy and invigorating life without drugs or surgery. During the time of the ancient Roman gladiators, massage therapy was used to treat everything from headach...

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Medicine, Alternative medicine, Health, Manual therapy, Pseudoscience, Mindbody interventions, Traditional medicine, Massage therapy, Massage, Acupuncture, Traditional Chinese medicine, Therapy
Go To The Gym
annon There are many health conscience people today. Many of these people also enjoy working out in the gym. There are three groups of people that go to the gym. These groups are “The one timers”, “The buddies only”, and “The dedicated”. There is the group of people who are considered “The one timers”. This is the group of people who are trying to be health conscience. Often this is the group of people who make it a New Year resolution to make there life...

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Buddies, Conscience
Global Warming
annon Global Warming, aside from pollution is one of scientists biggest concerns. Global Warming is caused by the Greenhouse effect. There are 4 steps in the Greenhouse effect. 1-Sunlight radiates from the sun, through space, to Earth’s atmosphere. 2- The sunlight enters the atmosphere and hits Earth. Some of it turns into heat energy in the form of infrared light. The heat gets absorbed by surrounding air and land, which in turn makes it warm. 3- Infrared rays, that are remitted into the...

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Climatology, Physical geography, Climate change, Global warming, Greenhouse effect, Greenhouse gas, Climate change feedback, Global cooling
Torture, Not Culture - Female Genital Mutilation
annon (AN INSIGHT INTO FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION) Female circumcision, better known as Female Genital Mutilation, is an ugly monster finally rearing its head from out of the depths of time. It can attack a girl at any age, with a little prompting from her society, and the aid of an unsuspecting human wielding the knife. Usually, it is performed from a few days after birth to puberty, but in some regions, the torture can be put off until just before marriage or the seventh month of pregnancy (Sa...

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Medicine, Clinical medicine, Female genital mutilation, Genital modification and mutilation, Feminism, Women's health, Women's rights, Infibulation, Clitoridectomy, Labia, Prevalence of female genital mutilation by country, Draft:Infibulation
Dyslexia
annon The problem that effects one out of every ten kidsin the United States of America is dyslexia. Although to some people this disorder may be very noticeable, it can really sneak up on you. Most of the time kids with dyslexia aren\'t recognized until they are about eight or nine. The most important thing to remember is that is takes time to solve, and sometimes cannot be cured at all. Dyslexia develops during the first six months of gestation . Neurons are churned out in the brain\'s ventri...

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Dyslexia, Education, Reading, Language, Special education, Nervous system, Neurology, Learning disabilities, Orthographies and dyslexia, Deep dyslexia
Communication Style of Ma
annon There are two genders-man and woman in the world. Though these two gender live in the same culture, there are many differences between them, include communication style. The communication means that speech in life. If someone let you listen a dialogue that the same sound. I think you can discrininatefrom the speech content and style, who is man, who is woman. both man and women like boasting. but the express way is different. for example, a man want to boast himself how ^^., he will say...

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Behavior, Gender role, Human behavior, Role theory, Gender, Public speaking, Academia, Humanities
Abortion
annon Abortion on demand should be legal for many reasons. In countries where abortion is absolutely not tolerated it is a fact that women continue to receive abortions, from unqualified back-street abortionists or the village massage abortionist. Both of these individuals risk putting the woman through painful and potentially fatal tortures just in an attempt to abort a child. Each year 84 000 women die worldwide from failed abortion attempts. Because of anti-abortion legislation women avoid g...

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Abortion, Sexual reproduction, Fertility, Gender studies, Human reproduction, Sexual revolution, Reproductive rights, Religion and abortion, Unintended pregnancy, Anti-abortion movements, Abortion in the United States, Abortion in Canada
Paul's Letter To The Galatians
Paul\'s Letter To The Galatians annon A Humanities Essay That Teaches The Study of The Bible As A Historical Document PAUL\'S LETTER TO THE GALATIANS: When Paul attended the Jerusalem Conference in 48 or 49, a decision was made that gentiles would be allowed to become Christians without becoming Jews first (ie. have a circumcision, and follow the Jewish Laws). Paul, being the one that defended the gentile\'s right to be Christians, became the apostle to the gentiles. Why would Paul, a Jew, want...

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Christianity, Religion, Bible, Early Christianity and Judaism, Epistle to the Galatians, Paul the Apostle, Split of early Christianity and Judaism, Jewish Christian, Apostles, Saint Peter, The gospel, Judaizers
Flaws In Christianity
annon Christianity is a religion in which events are claimed to have occured but which can never be proved. Those who practice it live by different morals than are preached by the most holy texts. It is an institution in which the most holy scripture is contradictory, and wherein the supreme being, by the very definition, cannot exist. Christianity is, therefore, a fundamentally flawed religion. According to the Bible, events have occured which are even more miraculous than the resurection of J...

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Religion, Philosophy, Christian theology, Conceptions of God, Philosophy of religion, Christian philosophy, Attributes of God in Christian theology, Allah, God, Omnipotence, Omniscience, Genesis creation narrative
Feminism Women Equal
annon Overall, the rights and status of women have improved considerably in the last century; however, gender equality has recently been threatened within the last decade. Blatantly sexist laws and practices are slowly being eliminated while social perceptions of "women\'s roles" continue to stagnate and even degrade back to traditional ideals. It is these social perceptions that challenge the evolution of women as equal on all levels. In this study, I will argue that subtle and blata...

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Gender studies, Feminism, Abortion, Law, Gender, Counterculture of the 1960s, Feminist theory, Judicial activism, Roe v. Wade, Sexism, Abortion-rights movements, Anti-abortion movements
Culture
annon Israeli culture reflects the diverse background of its people. The country\'s most successful writers draw their inspiration from Jewish tradition. Such writers have included the novelist Shmuel Yosef Agnon, co-winner of the 1966 Nobel Prize in literature, and the philosopher Martin Buber. The foremost orchestra of the nation, the Israel Philharmonic, attracts a number of world-famous conductors and soloists each year. A vigorous tradition of folk song, in which the influence of Oriental...

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Geography of Asia, Asia, Israeli society, Semitic-speaking peoples, Culture of Israel, Tel Aviv, Israel, Jerusalem, Haifa, Hebrew language, Education in Israel, Arab citizens of Israel
Comparative Essay on Deat
annon Death is an aspect of life that everyone becomes acquainted with sooner or later. From my own experiences I am more familiar with death than I could ever want to be. Poetry is something that is very difficult for me to follow, but when it deals with concept that I am familiar with, then I am able to associate with the soul of the writer. Two poems that deal with the concept of death that I actually enjoyed reading and will compare to each other are "Death be not proud" by Dylan...

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Literature, Welsh literature, Poetry, Welsh poets, John Donne, Do not go gentle into that good night, Dylan Thomas, That Good Night, Dying of the Light, Death Be Not Proud
A Study of the BOOK of MARK
annon An Essay for Humanities Courses That Treat The Bible As A Historical Document MARK\'S THEOLOGY REFLECTED IN WRITING Mark and the other evangelists used basically five ways to change, edit or enhance Jesus\' sayings to reflect their own views of Christianity. According to the Five Gospels Book, plagiarism and changing of writing was not a crime, but actually very common Mark\'s time. Besides, Mark never knew Jesus first-hand, he somehow had to make a \'story\' from basically Hearsay! Mark...

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Religion, Christianity, Bible, Christology, Prophets of Islam, Biblical criticism, Jesus and history, Gospel of Mark, Jesus, Gospel of John, Gospel of Matthew, Gospel
EXTENDED ESSAY
Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking: divergent or convergent to western establishments? By Clement Ng SCHOOL CODE: 1206 (Sha Tin College) CANDIDATE CODE: MAY 2003 1206 038 Abstract The research question of this extended essay came across at a very early stage in my life. Having been born and developed from a family with all its members being University instructors and professors, I was often involved in arguments related to the lack of critical thinking in Asian cultures. As I got older,...

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Philosophy, Academia, Education, Thought, Logic, Critical thinking, Epistemology, Arguments, Informal logic, Indian logic, Argumentation theory, Joseph Needham
The creation story
Consider the purpose of the literary presentation of the nature of God in Genesis chapters one to three. G.J Wenham states that, “Source criticism of the Pentateuch has often been a subject of controversy”. Indeed, the Pentateuch or Torah has been the most questioned section of books in the world. It may also be the most well known group of books worldwide. The word Pentateuch literally means “five scrolls” and refers to the first five books of the Old Testament in the B...

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Religion, Hebrew Bible, Mythology, Bereshit, Documentary hypothesis, God, Names of God in Christianity, Names of God in Judaism, Genesis creation narrative, Elohim, Book of Genesis, Jahwist
The Protestant Reformation VS The Counter-Reformat
ion \' The Reformation was a movement against the Catholic Church in the early 1500’s. The Counter-Reformation was a movement by the Catholic Church to ignite the passion that was once contagious in Europe, but had seemed to die down. In 1483 some would say that the greatest reformer of all time was born. Martin Luther changed the world forever when he posted his 95 theses on the door of the castle church in Wittenburg, Germany. His target audience was mostly the people that were fed up wi...

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Christianity, Religion, Anti-Protestantism, Counter-Reformation, Ninety-five Theses, Protestantism, Martin Luther, Council of Trent, Indulgence, Protestant Reformers, Catholic Church, Christianity in the 16th century
There are many types of cults in the world, cults
are everywhere but you just do not see them. Every person in the world has been in contact with them in one way or another in many cases you cannot see them. The closest cult we know of is on Rice Lake called the Moonies led by Reverend Myung, where I have currently visited. Cults can be involved in churches and even are earliest religions are called cults. Cults are not the strongest groups\' sects are the strongest group. When you join a sect you cannot get out of them but a cult you can leav...

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Religion, Sociology of religion, Cults, Pejoratives, Religious persecution, Cargo cult, New religious movement, Cthulhu Mythos cults, Anti-cult movement, Classifications of religious movements
The Jewish way of life has been affected in a trem
endous way by the people of the United States of America. By the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, there were only 2500 Jews in America. For forty years beginning in 1840, 250,000 Jews (primarily from Germany, Hungary, and Bohemia) entered this country. Anti-Semitism and economic woes in Eastern Europe went from bad to worse after the pogroms of 1881-1882. Almost three million Eastern European Jews left between 1881 and 1914, two million (85%) of which decided to come to Am...

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Culture, Religion, Asia, Semitic peoples, Ethnic groups in Israel, Jewish ethnic groups, Racism, Jews, Religious identity, Antisemitism, B'nai B'rith, Zionism
The most extreme precursor to the Reform movement
was a man by the name of Samuel Holdheim. He was born in 1806 in Kempo in the province of Posen. At a young age he studied at a yeshiva and received a Talmudic education. He began to study German and secular subjects after his marriage to a woman with a modern education. After their divorce several years later, he began studying at the University of Prague and Berlin and received a doctorate from the University of Leipzig. Following service in Frankfurt -Am-Oder he became a Landesrabbiner or ch...

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Jewish religious movements, Religion, Judaism, Reform Judaism, Samuel Holdheim, Oral Torah, Orthodox Judaism, Talmud, Halakha, Torah, Shabbat, Jewish principles of faith
It has been argued that Judaism can be seen not on
ly as a single religion, but as a group of similar religions. It has also been pointed-out that through all the trials and tribulations that Judaism has suffered through, that there have been common themes that have proven omni-pervasive. Any institution with roots as ancient and varied as the religion of the Jews is bound to have a few variations, especially when most of its history takes place in the political and theological hot spot of the Middle East. In this discussion, many facets of Juda...

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Religion, Monotheistic religions, Jewish history, Jews, Jerusalem, Judaism, Second Temple Judaism, Origins of Christianity
When studying history, both in a professional and
academic sense, we try to make connections between civilizations and time periods. Historians have attempted to discover universal constants of human nature, a bond that forms from continent to continent, human being to human being. Is there a constant quality that all peoples posses, and is reflected in all civilizations? Indeed, it is extremely difficult to make generalizations about centuries of modern history. To say that something is true of all of history is virtually impossible, as a cou...

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Religion, Islam, Culture, Monotheistic religions, Islamism, Jihad, Civilization, Religious war, Criticism of Islam, Religious violence
The Gospel of John
annon An Essay Written for A Humanities Course That Studies the Bible As A Historical Document THE GOSPEL OF JOHN: "The Man from Heaven," "Bread of Life," "Light of The World," "Living Water," .... and of course, "Son of Man." This is who Jesus is in The Gospel of John. Jesus\' life is portrayed very differently from the other Synoptic Gospels; he lives completely within symbolism, and glorification. In reading the Gospel of John, I felt that Je...

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Religion, Christianity, Bible, Christology, Jesus and history, Catharism, Gospel of John, Johannine literature, Jesus, Gospel of Mark, Son of man, Gospel
With the advent of the feminist movement, the role
of women in all parts of society has come under increasing scrutiny. One area of recent controversy is the role of women in the Christian Church. Some churches whose traditions and practices are less rigidly tied to Biblical doctrines have begun placing women in leadership positions such as pastor or teacher. Other churches which interpret the Bible more literally have been slow to adopt such changes. Much of the confusion is based on attempts to interpret scriptures pertaining to women. In thi...

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Religion, Christianity, Bible, Christianity and women, Christian philosophy, Women in the New Testament, Biblical people in Islam, Book of Genesis, Women in Christianity, First Epistle to the Corinthians, Priscilla and Aquila, Paul the Apostle
The Jews are a people with a multitude of dilemmas
. From the Israelite tribes to the prosperous modern day Israel , bigotry towards the Jews has been greatly evident. The Jewish race has acted as Escape Goat for many crisis throughout history including the black plaque which swept across Europe in the 14th century. The establishment of Israel was a great incident was something the Jewish people were striving to obtain for generations. This, however, led to four major conflicts between Israel and the Arab countries. One of the most meaningful wa...

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Zionism, Western Asia, Middle East, Asia, Land of Israel, Aliyah, ArabIsraeli War, Semitic-speaking peoples, United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, Jews, Jewish history, Yehuda Bauer
Buddha taught that in order to live a life that is
free from pain and suffering people must eliminate any attachments to worldly goods. Only then will they gain a kind of peace and happiness. They must rid themselves of greed, hatred, and ignorance. They strive to cultivate four attitudes, loving-kindness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity. The basic moral code prohibits killing, stealing, harmful language, sexual misbehavior, and the use of intoxicants. Morality, wisdom, and samadhi, or concentration form the cornerstone of Buddhist...

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Indian religions, Buddhism, Religion, Buddhist ethics, Buddhist vegetarianism, Monk, Gautama Buddha, Sangha, Monasticism, Nirvana, Outline of Buddhism, Theravada
Wiccan Religion
annon The word "Witchcraft" dates back many hundred of years and means literally "The craft of the wise". This is because the Witches of the old were the wise ones of their village, knowledgeable in the art of healing, legal matters and spiritual fulfillment. A Witch had to not only be a religious leader, but also the doctor, lawyer, and psychologist of the village. Today, people have reclaimed this word in their pursuit of Wiccan religion. A With is an initiate of Wicca, on...

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Wicca, Religion, Witchcraft, Modern Paganism, Wheel of the Year, Contemporary witchcraft, Book of Shadows, The Summerland