Animal Farm as Animal Satire

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Animal Farm as Animal Satire

This study aims to determine that George

Orwell's Animal Farm is a political satire which was written to criticise
totalitarian regimes and particularly Stalin's practices in Russia. In
order to provide background information that would reveal causes led Orwell
to write Animal Farm, Chapter one is devoted to a brief summary of the
progress of author's life and significant events that had impact on his
political convictions. Chapter one also presents background information
about Animal Farm. Chapter two is devoted to satire. In this chapter, definition
of satire is presented and some important characteristics of satire are
discussed. In chapter three, the method of this research is described.

Under the light of information presented in the previous chapters, Chapter
four discusses Animal Farm and focuses on the book as a political satire.

The last chapter presents the conclusion of this study.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I would first like to express my sincere
thanks to my thesis supervisor, Assoc.Prof. Dr. Jashua M. Bear for his
help and freedom he gave me in this study. Without his understanding this
thesis would never have been completed.

I also wish to thank my sister Fidan Korkut
for her suggestions in the planning stage of this study and her endurance
during my long study days at home.

My special thanks go to Özgür

Ceylan, who constantly granted me her moral support. She was always there
when I needed her.

THE AUTHOR: GEORGE ORWELL

Presentation

This chapter introduces general information
about George Orwell's life. It includes chronological progress of his life
and his political convictions. Furthermore, important events, such as The

Russian Revolution and The Spanish Civil War which had significant influence
on his commitment to write Animal Farm will be discussed. Lastly, general
information about Animal Farm will be given.

His Life

The British author George Orwell, pen
name of Eric Arthur Blair, was born in Motihari, India, June 25, 1903.

His father was an important British civil servant in India, which was then
part of the British Empire. A few years after Eric was born, he retired
on a low pension and moved back to England. Though their income was not
much enough, the Blair family sent their son away to boarding school which
was an exclusive preparatory school, to prepare him for Eton Collage. Eric
then won a scholarship to Eton Collage. During his education from the age
of eight to eighteen, as he wrote in his essay about his school experiences
titled "Such, Such Were the Joys," he experienced many things about the"world where the prime necessities were money, titled relatives, athleticism,
tailor-made clothes", inequality, oppression and class distinctions in
the schools of England (In Ball,1984).

After the education at Eton College in

England, Eric joined the Indian Imperial Police in British-Ruled Burma
in 1922. There he witnessed oppression again, but this time he was looking
at things from the top. Having served five years in Burma, he resigned
in 1927 and turned back to Europe and lived in Paris for more than a year.

Though he wrote novels and short stories he found nobody to get them published.

He worked as a tutor and even as a dishwasher in Paris. During his poor
days in Paris, he once more experienced the problems of the oppressed,
the helpless and lower class people.

In 1933, After having many experiences
about the life at the bottom of society, he wrote Down and Out in Paris
and London and published it under his pen name "George Orwell." After a
year in 1934 he published his novel Burmese Days, which he reflected his
experiences there. Then, he published A Clergyman's Daughter in 1935, and

Keep the Aspidistra Flying in 1936.

In 1936, his publisher wanted Orwell to
go to the English coal-mining country and write about it which was another
important experience in his life. He wrote The Road to Wigan Pier to reflect
what he saw there, the real poverty of people of the Lancashire Town of

Wigan, and published it in 1937 (Ball, 1984).

1937 was the year that Orwell who for some
time had been describing himself as "pro-socialist" (BALL, 1984) joined
the Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War. When the Communists attempted
to eliminate their allies on the far left, he fought against them and was
wounded in the fighting, later was forced to flee for his life. His experience
in this war was to have the most significant impact on his political thoughts
and his later works.

In 1938, Orwell wrote Homage to Catalonia,
which recounts his experiences fighting for the Republicans in the Spanish

Civil War. One of his best-known books reflecting