Animal Farm: Was the rebellion doomed to failure?

Animal Farm: Was the rebellion
doomed to failure?

Before the death of Old Major the animals
are inspired to rebel against the humans. They join together as a strong
team to eventually, in chapter two, drive Mr. Jones from the farm. The

Seven Commandments are soon developed with all the animals contented as
equals.

Right from the beginning of the rebellion,
the pigs can be seen to be taking charge, "then Snowball and Napolean called
them together again, ‘Comrades’, said Snowball, ‘it is half past six and
we have a long day before us." This quotation from chapter two shows the
pigs giving out orders to the other animals and acting as a new Mr. Jones,
but seemingly nicer.

Throughout the story, the animals begin
the trust the pigs more and more, allowing themselves to be told what to
do and be taken in with blind devotion. The pigs act on their newly gained
trust and by the end of the story are able to lie back on their laurels
and run the farm from the comfort of Mr. Jones’ armchair.

The rebellion fails due to the blindness
of the animals, accepting each other as equal, but do not notice the pigs
adding new rules to suit themselves, ‘no animal shall kill another animal
without due cause.’

The executions in chapter seven show clearly
the animals’ naivety towards the fast approaching leadership of the pigs.

During the killings, the animals stand back and do not do a thing. Some
animals, like Benjamin, suspect the overthrowing of the rebellion, but
are afraid to do anything alone.

The rebellion was doomed to failure from
the beginning. The pigs easily won the animals over with propaganda. An
example of this came soon after the rebellion and the drawing up of the

Seven Commandments, with the pigs justifying their need for milk and apples
with lies and threats of Jones’ return.

Squealer uses propaganda such as rhetorical
questions, lies and threats to convince the animals to believe the pigs.

Unfortunately for the animals, they are easily led. If it were not for
their blind devotion, trust and naivety, they could easily see how the
pigs gradually gained power. The pigs also use the dogs as force to keep
the animals ‘in line’, discouraging them from trying to rebel.
‘United we stand’ would have worked well
for the animals in this case. One animal, Benjamin, did not stand up and
face his suspicions, which could have resulted in the return of the phrase
‘all animals are equal’, instead of letting it go so far for the pigs to
add ‘but some are more equal than others’ to the end.

As in the Russian Revolution, the masses
will not, but make it appear that they cannot, think for themselves. Even
when they do, it is overshadowed by the fact that one person cannot stand
up to many unless he is very charismatic and convincing.

In ‘Animal Farm’ the animals failed in
their rebellion because of being too trusting and not taking notice of
what was happening. The pigs took power and the absolute power corrupts
absolutely.

At the end of chapter ten the pigs invite
humans round to the farm. The pigs become human like, and finally, when
it is too late, the animals realize their fate. They are condemned to repeat
the past because they forgot it before. The return of humans indicates
the overall failure of the rebellion, with the farm in human hands, due
to start the same hellish life they had before Old Major prompted them
to change.