In 1994 AT&T decided to bring the work
to the worker, not the worker to the work. They created an alternative
workplace (AW). Around 32,000 of their employees worked at home.

AT&T was trying to see how far a company of their size and stature
could go. AT&T was not the only place to try this. Some

30 million to 40 million employees in the United States work at home or
are telecommuters.

There are many reasons why companies change
to an AW. First it reduces cost by a lot. AT&T for example
has freed up some $550 million, which is a 30% improvement, by freeing
up office space, and by reducing overhead costs. Another reason is
that it causes a great potential for productivity. Employees that
work in the AW tend to concentrate on the customers needs instead of their
usual office routine. It is proven that productivity goes up by using
an AW. AW programs by establishing home offices are helping
to create and receive more government incentives and avoid having to pay
expensive government sanctions.

There is a vast assortment of AW being
used in the workplace. One is the shared desk arrangement where many
people share a desk. This arrangement creates more space.

Another option would be changing from a traditional office space into a
openplan space. In this design team rooms and other workstations
are put in the open areas. Hoteling is a designed workplace that
is furnished, equipped, and set up with all the office needs. These
places are reserved by the hour, or by day, or by week, instead of one
having the workplace for all of the time. Satellite offices are another
innovative form of alternative workplace. These offices are broken
up from large centralized places to smaller work zones that is located
close to the customers of the employees.

These alternative workplaces are a great
opportunity for a company and its employees. Giving employees these
kind of working opportunities helps them produce and concentrate.

The work place is changing everyday. The alternative workplace is
just one of many changes.