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Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale founded
the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense in October 1966, in Oakland, California.
The name was shortened to the Black Panther Party later. Stokely Carmicheal,
the leader of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) also
joined the Black Panther Party. The Black Panther Party's main goals
were to end police brutality, and strengthen Black communities through
organization and education. There was only one problem in their plan.
The problem was J. Edgar Hoover. J. Edgar Hoover was the director of the
FBI, and he got the Federal Bureau of Investigation involved. He
wanted to make America safer. While J. Edgar Hoover was destroying the
Black Panther Party for the safety of white Americans, and was destroying
the lives of black Americans.
In October 1966, the Black Panther Party
made their rules and regulations known to everyone. They were called
the ten-point platform. The main points of the platform were that
the Black Panther Party believed that they should be able to choose their
own destiny, that every man should be employed by the government to be
able to support himself and his family, and that no black man should serve
in any military branch. The Black Panther Party refused to fight
for a government that does not treat them as full citizens of the United
States of America. This would reduce the military number of men drastically.
The Black Panther Party may have seemed like they were revolting against
America, but were only doing what they felt was right. A major difference
between the Black Panther Party and other black nationalist groups of the
day can be seen in the plan for a communist America: to them, the mother
country was America, not Africa. The Black Panthers felt like they belonged
in America, but were being oppressed.
One of the fundamental areas, in which
the Black Panther Party contributed to the Black Liberation Movement, was
self-defense of other blacks. This is what separated the Black Panther
Party from other black organizations. In the 1960's, the Black Panther
Party used guns not for senseless violence, but for self-defense.
They carried guns around like wallets to protect any black person that
was being mistreated. They also carried guns around to protect themselves
from police brutality that occurred often. The Black Panther Party knew
that if used correctly it could give them a huge advantage over their oppressors
in the Black Liberation movement. This could prevent the Black Panther
Party to be labeled as a violent group of people.
Another fundamental thing that attracted
blacks to join and support the Black Panther Party was its policy of doing
something for the people. The Black Panther Party organized community
programs such as free breakfast for children, Liberation school for kids,
free clothes drives, campaigns to stop drugs and crime, and a whole lot
more. The Black Panther Party made the country understand that it
wanted to make America a safer, better place.
The Black Panther Party made significant
contributions to the art of propaganda. The Black Panther Party found ways
to spread their messages and ideas across to the citizens of America; such
as: its newspaper, The Black Panther, mass rallies, speaking tours, slogans,
posters, leaflets, cartoons, buttons, symbols: like the fist, graffiti,
political trials, and even funerals. The Black Panther Party even had enough
power to spread its ideas on television and the radio. The main idea
the Black Panther Party had to spread was that, "We were human, we were
ready for equality, we were equal to whites, disproving racist ideas held
by whites." Some blacks decided to do a little research about themselves
and their history. Some famous musicians used phrases such as "Free
your mind and your ass will follow" by George Clinton, and "Say it loud,
I'm Black and I'm proud" by James Brown, to express themselves in the Black
Liberation Movement. Some disapproved of the Black Panther Party's
methods. The main person would be J. Edgar Hoover.
J. Edgar Hoover was the director of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation during the Black Panther Party era.
According to J. Edgar Hoover, the Black Panther Party was," the number
one threat to the internal security of the nation." The FBI then
labeled the Black Panther Party as "black racists." J. Edgar really
disliked the Black Panther Party. J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI used
a form of McCarthyism against the Black Panther Party. He called
it, black propaganda. The main point of black propaganda was to make
the Black Panthers look like a bad influence for all people. For
instance; the FBI made coloring books that had horrible images of all sorts
of things, and
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Black Power, Counterculture of the 1960s, African-American Civil Rights Movement, Black Panther Party, Black Panther, Bobby Seale, Huey P. Newton, Panther, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, J. Edgar Hoover, Draft:Seize The Time: The Story of The Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton, Bunchy Carter
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