Bus law

Bus law

There was a time when men played
for the love of the game; when competition alone satisfied the male ego.

This age of basketball featured greats such as Wilt Chamberlain, Bill Russell,
and Oscar Robinson. These gladiators, and those like them, battled
repeatedly winning league championships, MVP’s, scoring titles, and other
accolades. Then, the product of James Naismith moved into an era
where the love continued, but money was added. Clyde Drexler, Charles

Barkely, Reggie Miller and Tim Hardaway have become league "poster–boys"
for commercials and shoe contracts. Each of them has continued the
competitive fire’s burning while adding a flare of green. Today,
the league seems to be completely entrenched in money. Multi–million
dollar contracts, million dollar endorsements, and billion dollar television
deals are the focus of the league now. Some criticize on the players
for being so concerned about money while others argue the players should
be compensated for their God given talents. These "some" are mostly
owners’ of NBA franchises and the "others" are the players. There
are some that petition that the players bring in the money, so they should
receive it while others say that they are already compensated enough for
a game. In this instance, the "some" are pro player fans and the"others" are allies of the owners. With the large amounts of money
that pass through the hands of the owners of NBA franchises and the precedent
that has been set by other professional athletic leagues, NBA players should
receive substantial compensation for their services.

Employee–Employer relations have
been rigid since the beginning of time. For this reason, laborers
started labor unions to rectify the problem. Labor unions, are associations
of workers for improving economic status through collective bargaining,
formed out of the Industrial Revolution of the 19th Century (Labor).

Collective bargaining is defined as the negotiation between the representatives
of organized workers and their employer(s) to determine wages, hours, rules,
and working conditions. The conditions under which these former farmers
had to work were unbearable. The farmer got tired of the treatment
and banded to together. Labor unions sprouted in the US around the

1830’s; however, the first major group was the Knights of Labor that organized
in 1869 (Labor).

Within the last six years, there has been
much discussion about the National Basketball Association and the labor
agreement lockout that happened a few years ago. The details are tedious,
but the overall discrepancy looms over how much the players are worth and
how much the owners should pay them. In the summer of 1995, the owners
opened the collective bargaining agreement. Their fear is that the
players are receiving too much of the BRI, or basketball related income.

In 1988 the collective bargaining agreement allotted the players forty–eight
percent of BRI, they earned fifty–two percent. The owners, not happy
with these figures, locked the players out until a better contract was
agreed upon. The players, eager to play and start the season, accepted
a six-year deal that stated:

The average salary will increase from
$1.7 million to $3 million over six years.

The minimum salary will increase from
$150,000 to $225,000 next season and will increase by ten percent each
season thereafter.

The creation of a $1 million exception
for those teams exceeding the salary cap.

The retention of the Larry Bird exception,
which states that players completing two seasons with a team can re–sign
with that team for any amount regardless of the salary cap.

The elimination of the luxury tax.

The players shall be allocated forty–eight
percent of BRI and the owners have the option of opening the agreement
if it reaches over fifty–one point eight percent.

Sixty–three percent of the ninety percent
of the player’s union who were present at the meeting voted for this agreement.

Two members of the player’s union,
union lawyer Jeffrey Kessler and Michael Jordan, foresaw the problems of
this agreement. In an interview after the signing, Kessler says,

"I still believe it was a terrible vote for the players and they are going
to regret it for a long time,". Jordan had similar, but different
thoughts. "I am with the majority as long as two years down the road
they can live with the repercussions of what this deal is going to give

Michael Jordan and Jeffrey Kessler
jinxed the agreement. On Tuesday June 30, 1998 at midnight, the NBA

Board of Directors locked the players out. The owners, again frustrated
over the percentage of BRI that the players received shut down all personnel
transactions, workout facilities, and summer camps. The immediate
cause of the lockout stems from the $995 million in total salaries, or
fifty–seven percent of BRI that the players received instead of their contractual