"Has been a lifesaver so many times!"
- Catherine Rampell, student @ University of Washington
"Exactly the help I needed."
- Jennifer Hawes, student @ San Jose State
"The best place for brainstorming ideas."
- Michael Majchrowicz, student @ University of Kentucky
Causes of World War
Causes of World War
Out of all the wars that the world has
gone through, none has been more devastating as world war II. But what
caused this war? Well, world war II had six major causes: anger over the
Versailles Treaty, the failure of peace efforts after world war I, the
rise of Fascism, the goals of Hitler, the isolationism by America and Britain,
and the re-armament of Europe. This paper will go over each of these causes
individually and then draw some conclusions about world war II.
The first cause of world war II was the
intense anger over the Versailles Treaty. Germany was very angry over two
things and the first of which was the many territorial losses they had
to endure as a result of the treaty. They lost two cities on the French-German
border and as per Wilson's thirteenth point Poland was re-formed with access
to the Baltic Sea, which went right through Germany. Giving Poland Sea
access split Germany into two parts, the main part of Germany, and a small
portion to the North of the Danzig corridor. The Danzig corridor really
inflamed Germany for many years, but they really could not do anything
about the situation because they lost world war I. Another country that
was angry over the Versailles Treaty was Italy. They were angry because
they thought that the land that they had received as a payment for their
participation in the Allied effort against Germany did not offset the cost
of the war, nor did it satisfy their ambitions to grow. The final country
that was angry over the Versailles Treaty was Japan. They were also a victor
over Germany and they wanted to gain control over China as reward for their
participation in the war. This, however, did not happen and they were angry
over the situation.
The second cause of world war II was the
failure of the many peace efforts that occurred after world war I. The
League of Nations, which was one of Wilson's fourteen points and part of
the Versailles Treaty, was a forum in which nations could settle their
disputes with one another. The problem was that the League did not have
any real power. The only thing it could do was try to persuade the offending
nation to concede and if that did not work out they could impose economic
sanctions on that country. But the league had so little power that the
sanctions it passed were normally ignored and it could do nothing from
that point on. Another failed peace effort was the Washington Conference.
At this conference the principal naval powers agreed to limit their navies
according to a fixed ratio. But again none of the powers really went through
with their agreement. Yet another failed peace effort was the Locarno Conference.
This conference produced a treaty between France and Germany stating that
the border between the two countries was guaranteed. However, we know that
this treaty failed because Germany invaded France during world war II.
The final failed peace effort was the Paris Peace Act. At this conference
all of the major countries, excluding Russia, and many smaller countries
agreed that war was not a national policy and stated that they would try
to resolve problems through diplomatic means. The only way that war was
acceptable in this act was by means of self-defense. These did not directly
cause world war II, but they made it possible by their obvious lack of
power. Countries still did not trust each other enough to follow through
with the good ideas that they had.
The third cause of world war II was the
rise of Fascism. Fascism was a movement that began before world war I,
but did not become a serious political power until Benito Mussolini took
control of the Italian government in 1922. Under Mussolini Italy became
a Totalitarian government where labor unions were abolished and political
opponents were killed or silenced. This caused many things to happen to
Italy's social and economic problems. The first of these problems was the
lowered living standard of the Italian people. The people lost their eight
hour work day protection and their wages were lowered by the government.
Mussolini acknowledged that the living standard had gone down, but explained
it by saying that the Italian people were not used to eating much anyway,
so they would not feel the lack of food as badly as others. Another thing
the Fascist government caused was an increased birthrate in Italy. Mussolini
wanted women to have more children so that he could create a larger army
View Full Essay