Earnest Hemingway\'s Works

Earnest Hemingway\'s Works

Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July

21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. His father was the owner of a prosperous
real estate business. His father, Dr. Hemingway, imparted to Ernest the
importance of appearances, especially in public. Dr. Hemingway invented
surgical forceps for which he would not accept money. He believed that
one should not profit from something important for the good of mankind.

Ernest\'s father, a man of high ideals, was very strict and censored the
books he allowed his children to read. He forbad Ernest\'s sister from studying
ballet for it was coeducational, and dancing together led to "hell and
damnation".

Grace Hall Hemingway, Ernest\'s mother,
considered herself pure and proper. She was a dreamer who was upset at
anything which disturbed her perception of the world as beautiful. She
hated dirty diapers, upset stomachs, and cleaning house; they were not
fit for a lady. She taught her children to always act with decorum. She
adored the singing of the birds and the smell of flowers. Her children
were expected to behave properly and to please her, always.

Mrs. Hemingway treated Ernest, when he
was a small boy, as if he were a female baby doll and she dressed him accordingly.

This arrangement was alright until Ernest got to the age when he wanted
to be a "gun-toting Pawnee Bill". He began, at that time, to pull away
from his mother, and never forgave her for his humiliation.

The town of Oak Park, where Ernest grew
up, was very old fashioned and quite religious. The townspeople forbad
the word "virgin" from appearing in school books, and the word "breast"
was questioned, though it appeared in the Bible.

Ernest loved to fish, canoe and explore
the woods. When he couldn\'t get outside, he escaped to his room and read
books. He loved to tell stories to his classmates, often insisting that
a friend listen to one of his stories. In spite of his mother\'s desire,
he played on the football team at Oak Park High School.

As a student, Ernest was a perfectionist
about his grammar and studied English with a fervor. He contributed articles
to the weekly school newspaper. It seems that the principal did not approve
of Ernest\'s writings and he complained, often, about the content of Ernest\'s
articles.

Ernest was clear about his writing; he
wanted people to "see and feel" and he wanted to enjoy himself while writing.

Ernest loved having fun. If nothing was happening, mischievous Ernest made
something happen. He would sometimes use forbidden words just to create
a ruckus. Ernest, though wild and crazy, was a warm, caring individual.

He loved the sea, mountains and the stars and hated anyone who he saw as
a phoney.

During World War I, Ernest, rejected from
service because of a bad left eye, was an ambulance driver, in Italy, for
the Red Cross. Very much like the hero of A Farewell to Arms, Ernest is
shot in his knee and recuperates in a hospital, tended by a caring nurse
named Agnes. Like Frederick Henry, in the book, he fell in love with the
nurse and was given a medal for his heroism.

Ernest returned home after the war, rejected
by the nurse with whom he fell in love. He would party late into the night
and invite, to his house, people his parents disapproved of. Ernest\'s mother
rejected him and he felt that he had to move from home.

He moved in with a friend living in Chicago
and he wrote articles for The Toronto Star. In Chicago he met and then
married Hadley Richardson. She believed that he should spend all his time
in writing, and bought him a typewriter for his birthday. They decided
that the best place for a writer to live was Paris, where he could devote
himself to his writing. He said, at the time, that the most difficult thing
to write about was being a man. They could not live on income from his
stories and so Ernest, again, wrote for The Toronto Star.

Ernest took Hadley to Italy to show her
where he had been during the war. He was devastated, everything had changed,
everything was destroyed.

Hadley became pregnant and was sick all
the time. She and Ernest decided to move to Canada. He had, by then written
three stories and ten poems. Hadley gave birth to a boy who they named

John Hadley Nicano Hemingway. Even though he had his family Ernest was
unhappy and decided to return to Paris. It was in Paris that Ernest got
word that a publisher wanted to print his book, In Our Time, but with some
changes. The