Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Miller Hemingway was born in Oak

Park, Illinois July 21, 1899. Hemingway is known to be one of the most
influential writers of the twentieth century. He has written more than
one hundred short fiction stories, many of them to be well known around
the world. Some of these short stories had just as powerful an impact as
his novels. As a young man, Hemingway left from his hometown to Europe,
where he worked for the Red Cross during World War I. His time spent there
inspired him to write some of his most famous novels. Most of which spoke
of the horrors of the war (Benson xi). Hemingway's short stories, "Soldier's

Home" and "Another Country" are used to show the damaging psychological
and physical effects of World War I.

Hemingway knew first hand the horrors of
war. In May of 1918, Hemingway became an honorary second lieutenant in
the Red Cross, but could not join the army because he had a defective left
eye. Hemingway first went to Paris, and soon after receiving new orders
he traveled to Milan, Italy. The day he arrived, an ammunition factory
exploded and he had to carry mutilated bodies and body parts to a makeshift
morgue. This was definitely a most terrifying moment for the young Hemingway.

After being seriously injured weeks later, Hemingway found himself recovering
at a hospital in Milan. After his stay at the American Hospital in Milan,

Hemingway was relieved of duty (Mitran 1). Having no other purpose in Europe,
he returned unhappily to Oak Park, Illinois. The impression left on Hemingway
by his stay in Italy had changed him profoundly. He never really returned
to America as an America(Meyer 115).

When Hemingway returned home from Italy
in January of 1919 he found Oak Park dull compared to the adventures of
war, the beauty of foreign lands, and the romance of an older woman. He
was only nineteen but the war had matured him beyond his years. He was
now living with his parents who didn't really appreciate what he had been
through. His parents where
concerned about his future and wanted him
to get a job, and further his education. Hemingway could not find anything
he would be interested in. Hemingway often exaggerated his war stories
to satisfy his audience. This frustrating period of his life was used to
create the short story called, "Soldier's Home" (Meyer 115).

Hemingway's story "Soldier's Home" conveys
his feelings of frustration and shame upon returning home to a town and
to parents who still had a romantic notion of war and who didn't understand
the psychological impact the war had had on him. They would never be able
to comprehend what war was all about. The character of Krebs obviously
represents Hemingway. Krebs, after graduating from a Methodist college
in Kansas, enlisted in the Marines in 1917. He didn't return to the U.S.
until years after the war. "He came back much too late." (Hemingway 115)

By the time he got back, the people of his town where already tired of
the "atrocity stories" of war (Hemingway 116). He felt the urge to talk
about his experiences, but no one wanted to listen. This drove Krebs to
lie. It seemed to be the only way anyone would listen to him at first.

After lying twice, he also had begun to dislike war stories and was turned
off by it. This was due to the fact no one even listened to him even when
he lied. Even his lies didn't interest people; they already had heard these
stories before. Soon Krebs' lies and exaggeration resulted in acquiring
the feeling of "nausea". He would sometimes talk to other soldiers and

Krebs would "fall into the easy pose of the old soldier among other soldiers:
that he had been badly, sickeningly frightened all the time. In this way
he lost everything." (Hemingway 116)

The war affected him in such a way that
it seemed like he was left with little or no emotions. The Marines had
taught Krebs that no man needs a woman. They taught him that women involve
too much work and only cause problems. Trying to obtain a relationship
involved to many consequences. It wouldn't be worth going through the pain
of heartbreak or rejection. He would sit on his porch, and watch women
walk by. He admired their clothing, their hair, and they way they walked.

He wanted a girl, but didn't want to work for one. He didn't want to go
through having the stress and pressure when trying to get a girl. "He did