Fascist Germany The Result of Instability


Germany The Result of Instability

The 1930s were turbulent times in Germany's
history. World War I had left the country in shambles and, as if that weren't
enough, the people of Germany had been humiliated and stripped of their
pride and dignity by the Allies. Germany's dream of becoming one
of the strongest nations in the world no longer seemed to be a possibility
and this caused resentment among the German people. It was clear
that Germany needed some type of motivation to get itself back on its feet
and this came in the form of a charismatic man, Adolf Hitler. Hitler,
a man who knew what he wanted and would do anything to get it, single-handedly
transformed a weary Germany into a deadly fascist state.

In order to understand why exactly Hitler
was able to make Germany a fascist state, we must study the effects that
the end of World War I had on the country. Germany was left devastated
and vulnerable at the end of the war. The Treaty of Versailles had
left the country without a military and with a large debt that it just
couldn't pay. Aside from that, it was forced to withdraw from its western
territory where most of its coal and steel were located. This was
a major implication for Germany because without these resources, it had
no industrial growth (steel and coal are the forces behind industry), which
meant that there was no money going into its economy. Without any
economic development there was no way that Germany would be able to get
out of debt. The Allies did not make any effort to help Germany during
this time and left Germany to fend for itself (they seemed to be aware
that this had been a mistake by the end World War II when they helped Japan
out of its economic crisis; this is an example of history influencing future

The "humiliation imposed by the victors
in the World War I, coupled with the hardship of the stagnant economy,"
created bitterness and anger in Germany (Berlet 1). This is the reason
that, when the Allies tried to establish a new government in Germany, the

German people were less than eager to embrace it.

The French Revolution was a prime example
that without a participant culture, there is no stability. Therefore,
it is no surprise that the Weimar Republic failed so miserably in Germany.

When it was introduced in 1918, it had the potential of molding Germany's
government into a modern institution. It consisted of regular elections
(this would later be referred to as the Reichstag), a proportional representative
electoral system, and checks and balances. It was almost flawless
as a formula for creating a modern institution but it did not make Germany
stable by any means. Herein lies another lesson that many countries
have learned the hard way: a modern institution does not, in itself, guarantee
that a country will become stable. In Germany's case, there was no
participant culture and, as a result, no trust in the government and no
efficacy. Germans believed that people within their country were
conspiring against them. They did not trust the government in the
least and because of this suspicious attitude sought a scapegoat to blame
for their suffering (the scapegoat, as we now know, would turn out to be
the Jew).

Germany was slowly falling apart and could
not handle another crisis.

Unfortunately, the Depression of 1929
was inevitable. It was also unfortunate that Keynsionism had not
yet been conceived for, if it had, Germany might not have dug itself into
a bigger hole. Because of its impoverished state and its inability
to pay its reparatory debts, Germany began to produce more and more money
until inflation was so high that its money became almost worthless (had

Keynsionism been developed Germany may not have gone into such a devastating
depression). By 1933 the economy "stood on the brink of collapse,
with an economy which should, realistically, have long since declared itself
bankrupt" (Frei 163). Now Germans felt that the so called "democratic"
system had brought them nothing but trouble and this paved the way for

Hitler and his Nationalist Socialist Party (which would later be referred
to as Hitler's Nazi party, a party that was centered around ideological
fascism) (Berlet 1).

There is no denying that Hitler took advantage
of Germany's instability. He appeared at a time when Germany needed
someone to give it a solution to its problems. The first action he
took was to assure the German people that they were not at fault for any
of their dilemmas. According to Hitler, there was an
internal enemy amongst them