Greek and Roman Arches and Architecture

Greek
and Roman Arches and Architecture

Architectural designs changed greatly
since the ancient times. Most famous architectures and sculptures
today originated from the Greek and Roman civilizations. Moreover,
some of the inventions from those civilizations are also being used today,
such as the arch, which originated from Roman architecture, and the columns,
which originated from the Greek architecture. Throughout history,
these architectures and inventions have become the foundations for our
buildings, churches, and much more.

The Greek architecture used mainly columns
in most of their temples. The shape of the column was the most significant
architectural factor. There were three types of columns, which were

Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. On these columns would lay a magnificent
centerpiece, which displayed Greek gods or any sort of decorations. On
the other hand, the Romans’ architecture used mainly arches, which could
hold much more pressure than a column. Romans also used columns in
their buildings, but only in a decorative form. Arches were made
of stones or bricks and placed on top of each other in a way that it can
form an arch and hold weight upon itself. In most Roman architectures,
such as the Colosseum, there would be a dome over the top to protect from
rain, sun, or any other weather. The dome has a massive weight, so
there has to be something to support it up, and this is where the job of
the arch takes place.

In these Greek and Roman buildings or temples,
there would be sculptures of famous gods and warriors. The Greek
sculptures were also different than the Romans’. The Roman sculptures
had more "life" in it. In other words, it was more realistic.

Greek sculptures looked stiff and didn’t show much character as the Romans’
sculptures did.

Therefore, in conclusion, Roman civilization
seemed more developed than the Greeks’. They had many positives and
also negatives, but they both were great ancient civilizations considering
they were one of the earliest.