HISTORY OF ASIA

HISTORY OF ASIA

August of 1917 Japan was ready to reap
her benefits of imperialism and she had her eyes on China. The exchange
of the Lansing -Ishii Notes between the U.S. and Japan, this agreement
granted territorial superiority of China to Japan. Japan interest in China
mostly economic. The Japanese population was growing, cities were
crowded, and consumer goods were scares and its standard of living extremely
low. A major earthquake also adds to Japans plight. Japan was a small island
limited in natural resources and inhabitable space. The Japanese saw the
turmoil in China as an opportunity to divide conquer and move in.

Japan had been recognized as one of the

Big Five powers and held a seat on the Council of the League of Nations.

Japan had secured economic success during WWI. Japan had large textile
factories, submarines, and fleets.

At the Washington Naval Conference Japan
was angered at its ratio of ships. It blamed the outcome on the U.S. Japan
did however agree to withdraw from Shantung, and from Siberia.

The Great Depression ate away at Japans
economic power unable to export silk, agricultural goods and limited goods
were being imported. Japan was looking to plant its people on foreign soil,

Chinas soil. Japan felt it was treated unfair by the U.S. and Great Britain
and eventually signed the Anti- Comintern Pact in 1937with Germany. Russia
had already begin planting its Communist ideas in China, Japan needed an
ally. By 1940 the United States had banned exports to Japan such as scrape
metal and fuel. Japan leaders were worried they had been using reserves.

Japan invaded Dutch Indonesia and only received a small amount of fuel.

Japan asks all British and American s to leave. On Dec 7, 1941 Japan attacked

Pearl Harbor. The Pacific War could have been avoided if Japan and the

United States had more open lines of communication. Japan made a lot of
its foreign policy decision after the Washington Naval Conference that
didn’t improve her standing with United States or Britain.

Mao tse-deng was leader and revolutionary
strategist of the Chinese Communist revolution. Growing up Mao had witnessed
first hand experience of peasant mistreatment. Mao was a leader who was
in touch with the people. His career begins in 1921 with the founding of
the Chinese Communist Party, which met in Shanghai. The Party began with

50 members and by 1989 had risen to 48,000,000. Mao would use communist
tactics, such as propaganda to organize peasant rebellion.

During the Nationalist decade Mao was
forced to escape from the KMT by hiding in the Jingang Mountains, where
he and other leader developed guerilla tactics. After escaping the encirclement
at Jiang, Mao embarked upon the Long March. The Long March first purpose
was to escape the KMT, but eventually turned campaign with Mao slogan "Go
north to fight the Japanese". Mao gained the title of chairman of the Politburo.

The Long March gives insight to Mao excellent leadership and strategic
abilities. Mao took advantage of every moment and used it towards the advancement
of the CCP. After the Long March Mao trained the Army and Party cadres,
which allowed for a smooth, take over on1949.

During the Communist Revolution Mao aimed
at creating a new type of man, through thought control. He set up training
periods first meeting in small groups and later in public to confess their
guilt, repent, and become cleansed and new determination. The civil war
ended in 1949 and the KMT was defeated.

The CCP\'s first form of government was
the People\'s Political Consultative Council founded in September 1949 with

662 delegates. The country was divided in to six regions, with a bureau
of military and political authority.

Mao interest in the peasant’s welfare
made land reform priority on the new governments
list. The Agrarian Law of 1950 permitted
a small cadre to carry on struggle meetings in villages to identify those
people who had mistreated peasants. Once identified those persons would
be parade before a Peoples Court. The accused were condemned, executed,
reeducated or sent to labor camps. The government set up peasant
association, which arranged the classification of land by productivity,
the confiscation, and the redistribution those chosen to receive it. Landlords
or rich peasant would have all or most of their land confiscated. Middle
peasant usually kept their land, the poor peasant and the landless farm
laborers received an allotment of land. The average allotment given was
one third of an acre. The land reform showed the crueler side of the CCP
over two millions Chinese died in a five year period under the slave labor
system and one and a half million were executed. The land