How the Great Wall of China Effected the Qin, Han and Ming Dynasties

How
the Great Wall of China Effected the Qin, Han and Ming Dynasties

The Great Wall is one of the most outstanding
and famous features China has to offer. In fact the Great Wall is
one of the seven wonders of the world. There were three dynasties
who built the wall. The dynasties were the Qin Dynasty, the Han Dynasty
and the Ming Dynasty. These three dynasties contributed to the wall
in various ways yet some of their reasons and methods were the same.

There were various decisions made by the dynasties that were both helpful
and others that just bottomed out.

The first dynasty that worked on the wall
was the Qin. This group initiated building on the wall in 221 B.C.

This took place just following China becoming unified after suffering many
battles between various feudal states. The first Chinese emperor
was Qin Shi Huang (individual for which China and the dynasty was named).

Huang was an egotistical leader and preached that people were evil.

In turn people believed that they needed a strict set of rules. The
dynasty burned most of the Confucian literature since they thought it promoted
free thinking which would cause the ‘evil’ people to rebel. This
did not to prove true.

Huang began work on some old ruins of
the wall which he connected to new parts of the wall. The wall was
built with local materials such as dry-laid native stone. This stone
was very scarce so engineers would use resources from the earth to build
the wall. These parts of the earth would be compacted into 4 inch
layers that were packed very tight. These pieces of the earth would
be inserted into wooden frames. This process took a long time and
the wall would only grow 4 inches at a time. The wall was not very
large, which showed that a lot of hard work and time had not been placed
into the wall since it could only grow at a slow rate. Thus that
showed that harsh rules halted work progression. This could have
saved future dynasties some problems and in the long run made China stronger
and a more consistent dynasty. The next group that worked on the
wall was the Han dynasty. This gave a reincarnation to past literature,
especially Confucianism.

With Central Asia in the hands of China,
this gave them time to work on the wall to prevent future attacks.

This stalled trading, but since there were gates to enter China trading
could take place. The entrances were very busy since China was a
huge export for goods. Among these goods were jade, gold, spices,
horses, gems and silk. Silk was probably the most important good
being exchanged. Silk roads were built for a path to China to trade.

The rules were not as harsh this time
with the Han, but previous problems from the Qin had withheld technology.

The Han did succeed in surpassing the Qin in amount of work accomplished
on the wall. This set up the Ming dynasty which played a stellar
role in building the wall.

Due to being ignored for some time it
had become rusty and not as durable, this making work harder. The
method that the Chinese had to resort to an old method that was very complex.

The first step was that they would lay a bed of red willow reeds along
with twigs at the bottom of a wooden frame. Following that, they
would fill frames with a mixture of water with some fine gravel.

This gravel had been tamped with soil. When the mixture was completely
dry, the frame would then be removed. This left a solid piece of
tamped earth. The tamped earth was reinforced by the willow reeds
which is similar to how concrete is now held up with steel.

The Han dynasty did some solid work on
the wall and it was a certain improvement from the work that the Qin started.

Yet these two dynasties were key points in building the wall, the Ming
did the most significant amount of work on the Great Wall of China.

The Ming Dynasty was the third and final dynasty that built the wall.

The work that the Ming did crushed the Han and Qin in accomplishments.

It was Ming who came to power in 1368. They were farther advanced
technologically and beyond master builders when it came to wall structuring.

The dynasties were solid architects at a point in which China had become
a major power throughout the world. Trade ships from China went to

India, Japan, the Persian Gulf and the