Imperialism in Late 1800\'s

Imperialism in

Late 1800\'s

The most important of the European territorial
possessions was British India. The British first entered India as
traders in the early 1600\'s. The British made alliances with Indian
rulers and created its own army of Indian soldiers called sepoys.

The driving force behind the British expansion in India was the British

East India Company. Their power soon became known as the Raj as they
extended their power.

After a while they became responsible for
maintaining order in the territories that they controlled. This soon
grew very hard for the company so a governor-general was appointed to handle
the political activities. To secure their position in India they
used military power to advance the borders of their control. The

British were much more disciplined and organized than the Marathas, the
people they finally conquered. They brought the Indian State of Mysore
under control. Many local Indian rulers were scared of the mere threat
of a war with Britain so they acknowledged their control. These Indian

Princes were usually left in power but had to accept advice from the British.

The British also took over al of their foreign affairs.

The early government of India consisted
of 1000 British civilians. Since India was so big it required a lot
more people than that, so they began to train Indians to fill in the lower
ranks of the local government. This caused a major controversy among
colonial politicians. Two different opinions were formed about how
the Indians should be educated. The first group call the Orientalists
believed that the Indians should receive an Indian education using Indian
beliefs and language. The other opinion held by the Anglicists stated
that there should be a higher class of Indians who could speak English
and held English ideas. The Anglicists won out.

Now that India finally had a stable government
people soon began to move to India. Early settlers were mostly men
who had no family. These men sometimes married Indian women.

European women in India were known as Memsahibs. These women soon
became jealous of the Indian women so a new racism formed between the Europeans
and the Indians. Now, the British rulers put a greater distance between
themselves and there Indian subjects.

When the British originally arrived in

India they wanted the local people to keep their customs, but as control
increased there became a great outpouring of people who wanted the British
to give the Indians the "benefits" of western culture. In 1829 the

British outlawed the practice of burning Indian widows on their husbands
cremation fires. In 1856 they made it legal for Hindu widows to get
remarried. They also spoke out against child marriages and the killing
of unwanted children.

The occupancy of India by the British soon
began to stir up a mutiny from the Indians. They were mad about the
changing of their customs that had been around for thousands of years.

They were also mad that they couldn’t hold higher positions in their own
government. Soon, there would be fighting between the Indians and
the British.