This essay Latin America and Slavery has a total of 1799 words and 10 pages.
Latin America and Slavery
Prior to its independence Latin America
had been controlled by external forces for hundreds of years. To
be freed of control from these outside interests did not in any way guarantee
Latin America a return to the status quo. In fact, the inhabitants
of Latin America had done very well in assimilating their in house controllers.
They adopted European language, religion, color, and just about everything
else that the European culture had to offer them. Although they were
free to do as they please and run their own affairs in the global neighborhood
as we know it, they struggled to create an entity for themselves.
They embody too much of what is not native to their region, yet the people
that used to represent their land 500 years earlier were a truly unique
culture. Let us go back to that point in time and trace the route
Latin America has taken, from an isolated civilization with a unique, independent
culture to a Europeanized puppet continent with little cultural identity.
Latin America began as a secluded land
of aboriginal inhabitants that was cut off from the rest of the world.
It was first discovered by Europeans while trying to find more efficient
trade routes to India and China. These Europeans noticed the vast
resources present in Latin America and smelled money. Europeans are
very greedy and would do anything for their country if it meant higher
social status when they returned. Soon the monarchs of their respective
countries were sponsoring conquests and colonization of the Latin American
lands in turn for profits and goods from the lands they took. Due
to the tropical climate that encompasses most of Latin America, colonization
meant growing sugar on plantations in the coastal regions of the continent.
Labor was the main expense of this operation, so enslaving the natives
and putting them to work on these plantations seemed like the most economically
sensible thing to do. This was the first step to sterilizing the
identity of the continent. Diseases introduced by the immune Europeans
took their toll on the natives and killed many off. Coupled with
the stress of working in the fields and in other aspects of enslaved life
the aboriginal population soon dwindled to next to nothing. Looking
at just the aboriginal population, there was a traumatic fall. Birth
rates were very low, especially given that the newer "mixed" children as
a result of crossed marriages took genes out of the native pool and into
the European pool. Extreme blood mixing was going on. Between
the Europeans, the natives, and Africans brought in to replace the dead
natives, new races were popping up in Latin America. Right then the
population in Latin America was undergoing vast changes.
Population growth is usually due to either
high birth rates with low death rates or heavy immigration. During
this time there were normal birth rates, high death rates, and heavy immigration
to compensate for the death rate. This caused a slight increase in
the population during this time, but the demographics changed drastically.
Over a short period of time an independent group of people had their identity
erased only to be replaced by a mixed European culture with varying skin
Changes in population are usually analyzed
using the demographic transition model. This has four separate categories
in which countries may be classified according to their situation.
The category is countries with extremely high birth and death rates.
This category has become unneeded due to the medical revolution.
Death rates are lower because medicine can keep people alive longer than
before. Common diseases don’t have people dropping like flies anymore.
There are no countries fitting this description in present day countries.
If they were before, they have probably moved into the second category,
which is high birth rate and low death rate. Several Latin American
countries are in this group today, including Venezuela and Peru.
The third category is characterized by midrange death rates and lower birth
rates. Countries having this classification are more developed countries
that have both the medical institutions of the medical revolution and developed
economies. The highest grossing economies are not in rural based
areas. They are in urbanized countries. Most developed Latin American
countries underwent a rural to urban migration before the present date.
Those with the most developed cities and booming economies have the most
blue collar workers. If you are working for a living you do not need
to turn your wife into a child machine as can be seen in rural areas, where
the children are needed for help on the farm. Actually, excessive
children are harmful to the blue collar worker on his
Topics Related to Latin America and Slavery
Member states of the United Nations, G20 nations, Liberal democracies, Demography, Population, Latin America, Demographic transition, Brazil, Mexico, United States, Literacy, Americas
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