Located thirty-seven miles west of Krakow, Auschwitz was the
camp where Jewish people were killed and worked. This camp , out of
all the rest tortured the most people. At the camp there was a a place
caled the "Black Wall," this was where the people were executed . In

March of of 1941, there was another camp that started to be built.

This second camp was called Auschwitz II, or Birkinau. It was located

1.9 miles away from Auschwitz I. Peple that were chosen to come to
these camps were expelled from their homes. Their houses were
destroyed for the pupose of buildinf Birkinau. Birkinau had nine
sub-units. They were separated from each other by electrically charged
fences that lines their borders. In August 1942, the womens section at

Auscwitz I was moved to Birkinau. Nine hundred and ninty-nine women
from Ravensbruck camp and other women from different camps joined them
also. Birkinau now had over 6,000 women prisoners being held. In the
town Monowitz, another camp was being built. This camp was called
auschwitz III, or Buna-Monowitz. Other camps that were located close
to Monowitz were moved to Buna-Monowitz. The population of Bikinau was
the most densly populated out of all the camps. It also had the most
cruel and and bad conditions of all the camps in the complex. The
prisoners at Birkinau mostly consisted of Jews, Poles, and Germans.

There were a number of Gypsy and Czech Jew family camps located at

Birkinau for a period of time also. In Birkinau, the gas chambers and
the creamatoria, where the bodies were burned operated at auschwitz I.

Birkinau and all the other sub-camps were mostly forced labor camps.

The most recognized of the labor camps are, Budy, Czechowitz,

Glenwitz, Rajsko, and Furstenarube. The prisoners here were worked to
the piont of death. Trains transported people to the camps, and
violently forced them off the train. All of the people\'s property was
left on the train also. They prisoners were sent into two different
lines, one for women and the other for men. The lines moved into the
place were a procedure called Selektion took place. The ones who could
work were not killed ot this time, but the women, children, and others
that couldn\'t work were gased. The prisoners that were to work, had
their clothes taken, heads shaved, got sterilized, and were given
black and white striped clothes to wear. In the forced labor camps,
the average life time was only a few months. Some of the prisoners
that couldn\'t react or move became what was known as Muselmann. A
dreaded part of camps was the Appell, or roll call. In this, prisoners
were sent out into the cold night after a hard day of work, and lined
up. Anyone that fell to the ground was shot or gased. One more of all
the bad work chores was the Sonderkommando. Dong this meant that you
burned the bodies of the dead prisoners in the creamatoria. Tattoos
were given to the prisoners on their right arm as an easier way of
registration. Not all of the earlier prisoners had this tattoo, but
the regiterd number of prisoners was 405,000. The daily routine in the
complex differed in each camp, but the basic routine was the same.

They: woke at dawn, cleaned their areas, morning roll call was taken,
they walked to the work site, worked for long hours, had to wait in
lines for food, then walked bback to their bunks, block inspection was
done, and then evening roll call was taken. There were also people who
got picked for medical experiments. The best known docter at Auschwitz
was Josef Mengele. His experiments were mostly done on twins and
dwarfs. He did lots of things that had to do with seeing how ling it
would take a person to die if you do this or that. He also did
experiments that had to do with cutting off body parts, and
reattaaching them to different parts of the body. By January 20th,

1944, the population of the Aushwitz complex had reached 80,839. That
number rose up and up as the monthes past and more prisoners came. The
first gas chamber to be used was bult in Auschwitz I. The gas that was
used in the chambers was called Zyklon B. In Birkinau, the largest
number of people that could be killed in the gas chambers was 6,000
people daily. The gas chambers lookes just like shower rooms. The
prisoners were told they needed to be cleaned before work, and were
then killed in the stalls. On the borders of Auschwitz I and Birkinau,
electrical fences