Lord of the Flies: Chapter 8 Notes

Lord
of the Flies: Chapter 8 Notes

1. The conch being inexpertly blown and
the fact that Piggy has only one lens shows that society has begun to function
poorly. The reason for this decline in society is Jack. Jack broke Piggy\'s
lens, and now Jack who has power, represented by the conch, does not know
how to blow it properly. This tells us that Jack is an inept leader who
misuses power and destroys knowledge. To become an expert at something,
such as blowing a conch or leading a society takes time, so this is also
significant because it shows that Jack has just recently come to power.

Because the conch and Piggy\'s glasses are crippled, knowledge and power
are crippled, but not yet fully eliminated.

2. When Simon says, " I think we ought
to climb the mountain.", he means that society should conquer its fears
and reclaim the island. When the boys first founded society, one of the
first things that they did was to climb the mountain and attain knowledge
of the island. It is important to note that knowledge was a priority for
this early society. Climbing the mountain was also a task undertaken with
great enthusiasm and the offering of hope for what their society could
be. This was the peak of their civilization. Ever since then their society
has been "declining" or going "downhill", so the mountain represents the"peak" or "height" of their civilization. As the boys\' civilization fell
apart, it became primitive and controlled increasingly by evil elements
(Jack). Because of this the boys began to fear a beast. The beast was a
symbol of this demise and an obstacle to the return of glory. I say that
the beast is an obstacle because they now fear climbing the mountain, a
mountain that symbolizes the peak of society. When Simon says that they
should climb the mountain, he is also saying that the boys should abandon
their primitive fears and return to previous glory.

3. The new fire is symbolic because it
is Piggy\'s attempt to rebuild society. Piggy believes that without Jack
(evil), he himself (knowledge and civility) can prosper. The first step
that Piggy decides to take is the construction of a new fire. The fire
represents the domination and manipulation of nature and therefore the
return to civility. It is important to note that the fire is in a new location.

The new fire represents a new society engineered by Piggy and founded upon
knowledge. The fire also represents a new hope; the hope that the new society
will prosper, the hope that Jack\'s followers will rejoin society, and the
hope that they will be rescued.

4. Many people believe that the climax
of the story is when the sow is killed. When the boys kill the sow they
take the final step towards savagery. Old society\'s ways and civility held

Jack (evil), back from killing another living creature earlier in the book,
but now everything changes as an entire faction of society not only kills
the sow, but celebrates the accomplishment. Society\'s morals have shifted,
and the burden of guilt no longer exists, allowing them to do exactly as
they please without considering the needs of each other or anything else.

At this point Jack and his boys have become completely savage. The manner
in which the boys kill the pig is cruel and savage also; they no longer
have any respect for another living creature. The sow is most likely pregnant
and this tells us that the boys would waste the lives of its piglets and
perhaps waste the lives of its piglets and the future meat that they would
likely provide in their blind lust for blood. A civilized society would
carefully select which animals to slaughter because of moral and economic
concerns. The faction of society that killed the pig no longer discusses
and debates issues, but instead relies on its instinctive desires.

5. When the Lord of the Flies says that
the beast is part of Simon, he is saying that the beast is a part of human
nature. The beast, however, is only symbolic and therefore does not exist
as a part of Simon or in humanity. By saying that the beast is part of

Simon, the Lord of the Flies subtly states that humanity is comprised in
part by all of its evils. It is also true that the "beast" is part of Simon,
because Simon, being human, has the ability to imagine and invent his own
fears. The beast is fictitious and cannot harm the boys, yet