Lord of the Flies: Chapter 9-12 Notes

of the Flies: Chapter 9-12 Notes

1. After Simon is killed, the next paragraph
begins, "The clouds open and let the rain down like a waterfall..." When
the boys kill Simon they not only kill him and spirituality, but what they
perceive to be the beast. Because the beast was created by them and embodied
all of their evils, one of its interpretations can be as mankind\'s sin.

Simon is very similar to Jesus in this book. The Roman\'s ruled the world
during Jesus\' life, and now a similar bloodthirsty society rules the island
during Simon\'s life. Both are killed by such a society, and both sacrifice
themselves so that mankind\'s sin can be forgiven. When Simon dies, the
rain washes away not only spirituality, but also the beast and all of the
sins that accompany it. Golding writes that the water bounded from the
mountaintop. Because the mountain top represented the peak of society,
this could be interpreted to state that all of society carries sin, even
the glorious moments of it, and that Simon\'s sacrifice was extended to
the boys\' entire stay on the island and the sin that was committed during
that period of time. This is also similar to Jesus\' sacrifice that was
for all of mankind\'s sins, not just the sins of the Roman society that
killed him. After Simon has been killed, the figures stagger away. By referring
to the boys as figures, they are no longer individuals, but the nameless
men who are the vehicle that society uses to carry out its evil deeds.

It is no longer of relevance who did what because it was the entire society
that killed Simon. This can be related to other societies, such as Nazi

Germany. Today Hitler is credited with most of the responsibility for World

War II. We do not like to blame German society for it because that would
mean that we are also capable of this if we had to endure the circumstances
of 1940\'s Germany. We cannot blame the German race for these problems,
as they are a characteristic of humanity. We fought World War II against
the forces of racism, but we ourselves treated the Japanese very poorly
while all of this was going on. Although we too went through the depression,
we did not have the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles against us.

When any society has such horrible circumstances, they tend to look for
a scapegoat, such as a race of people. If Hitler did not enjoy such great
public support he would not have come to power. It is also very difficult
for a nation to declare war without public support. It is therefore significant
that figures staggered away because it was the whole society, and not just

Jack who killed Simon. It is also interesting to note that during the course
of this book the boys\' civilization falls from glory. They then create
a beast as a scapegoat, claiming that they can no longer climb the mountain,
and therefore return to the glory of their civilization because of it.

When Simon dies Golding refers to him as the beast. This not only can be
interpreted by the Jesus theory as stated above, but by a new theory that
establishes Simon as society\'s scapegoat. It can also be interpreted to
state that the beast is all of mankind\'s gifts such as spirituality, when
they are suppressed and murdered by society, crippling its ability to function.

When Simon is killed he lays still only a few yards from sea. It is important
to know that all life originates from the sea, where it arose in primitive
form. This is significant for two reasons; it tells us that spirituality
is an ancient and instinctive trait of man, and that the boys society,
that came away from the mountain (peak of society) and towards the ocean
to kill Simon, had returned from civilization to a more primitive and savage
form in doing so. Because the beast (Simon) is small, society\'s problem
is not the beast itself, but the way it is dealt with. When Simon\'s blood
stains the sand, his death and the savage society that killed him forever
taint the island. No matter what might happen in the future, Simon will
always be dead and because of the blood in the sand this cannot be forgotten.

The sand and ultimately the island being stained with blood also have meaning.

Because the society as inhabits the island, the island can be used to represent
society as a whole, which is