Lord of The Flies

Lord of The Flies

At the start of the novel, there has been
an atomic explosion, and the children have been evacuated in an aircraft
with a detachable passenger tube. The aircraft has been attacked and released
the tube while flying over tropical seas. The tube has crash landed in
the jungle of a tropical island, and the plane has flown off in flames.

This is the point when the novel starts. There are four main characters
in the book – Ralph, Piggy, Jack and Simon. Simon is part of the choir,
which is led by Jack, but Ralph and Piggy are not members of the choir,
and are in no way related. There are no adults – "There aren’t any grown
ups" (P.43)

Ralph has found a "conch" (P.21), and has
used it to call all the boys on the island together. This is where Jack
is introduced into "Lord of the Flies"

"Something dark was fumbling along" (P.26).

This refers to the choir walking along the beach in the distance. This
use of language shows us that the choir is dark, evil, and sinister, and
immediately Golding tells us that this group will not be a "good" force
on the island. The choir are a militaristic group – "marching approximately...with
a hambone frill" (P.26). This shows us that their leader is in total control
of the group. This leader is Jack – "The boy who controlled them...his cap
badge was golden" (P.26) This shows the authority and status that Jack
has over the choir. When the choir reach the platform, Jack shows off –

"swaying in the fierce light...his cloak flying" (P.27). This is an attempt
to impress the group, create a good impression, enough so he commands their
respect as well as the choirs’, enough so that he can eventually control
them as well as the choir. Jack does not introduce himself to everyone;
he first words to the group are "Where’s the man with the trumpet?" (P.27).

He just gives out demands, and expects the group to answer him. This is
what he is used to. Jack is a direct contrast with Ralph – "peered down
at Ralph...(the conch) did not seem to satisfy him" (P.27) This shows us
that he believes no-one is as good a leader as him, and that the conch,
which called the group together, is below him. This is "simple arrogance"
(P.29) on the part of Jack. He uses his cloak as a prop – "Inside the floating
cloak he was tall, thin, and bony" (P.27). He uses the cloak (a sign of
power) to make him into something he’s not, he uses it to gain authority.

"His hair was red beneath the black cap" (P.27). The colour of his hair
shows signs of a fiery temper, and the colour of his cap reinforces his
sinister side.

Jacks main aim of the assemblies in the
novel are to first become chief, and then control the group. He says on
page twenty-nine with "simple arrogance", "I ought to be chief." Jack believes
that no-one else has the right to control him, and he should be in control
of everyone. During the assemblies, he rejects Piggy – "Shut up, Fatty"
(P.28). He has no respect for Piggy (due to his appearance), even though

Piggy could be a very useful asset to the group. He takes control of the
assembly – "We’ve got to..." (P.29). Jack does this because he wants to decide
and be in control of what the group does. When the boys on the island say
they want to vote on a chief, Jack "started to protest" (P.30). This is
because Jack knows that he is not in control of the boys on the island
who are not in the choir, which is the majority, and therefore they will
not vote for him. He also believes that he should be proclaimed the leader
of the group without voting, because in his opinion, no-one has the right
to be in control of him. This is because he is a natural leader, and has
never been in a position without control. This is born out when Ralph is
voted chief – "and the freckles...a blush of mortification" (P.30). Jack
is very embarrassed when he is, for the first time in his life, not in
total control.

Jack’s personality makes him use violence
to command respect – "Jack snatched from behind him a sizeable sheath-knife
and clouted it into a trunk" (P.32), "Jack slammed his knife into a trunk
and looked round challengingly" (P.43). At this stage, his violent side
doesn’t