President Andrew Jackson

President Andrew


Like any hall of fame, its inductees are
the best in whatever they do, from baseball or football to something like
being President. If you are a member of any hall of fame (including the
one for the Presidents), it means that you have done something special
or have a certain quality about yourself that makes you worthy to be in
a hall of fame. My nominee for the Presidents hall of Fame is our seventh

President of the United States, Andrew Jackson. I\'ll go over his presidency,
focusing on both the highs and the lows of his two terms in office, from

1829-1837. The issues that I\'ll focus on are states\' rights, nullification,
the tariff, the spoils system, Indian removal and banking policies; these
controversies brought forth strong rivalry over his years of president.

He was known for his iron will and fiery personality, and strong use of
the powers of his office that made his years of presidency to be known
as the "Age of Jackson." Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in
a settlement on the border of North and South Carolina. He was orphaned
at age 14. After studying law and becoming a member of the Bar in North

Carolina later he moved to Nashville Tennessee. Their he became a member
of a powerful political faction led by William Blount. He was married in

1791 to Rachel Donelson Robards, and later remarried to him due to a legal
mistake in her prior divorce in 1794.

Jackson served as delegate to Tenn. in
the 1796 Constitutional convention and a congressman for a year (from 1796-97).

He was elected senator in 1797, but financial problems forced him to resign
and return to Tennessee in less than a year. Later he served as a Tennessee
superior court judge for six years starting in 1798. In 1804 he retired
from the bench and moved to Nashville and devoted time to business ventures
and his plantation. At this time his political career looked over. In 1814

Jackson was a Major General in the Tennessee Militia, here he was ordered
to march against the Creek Indians (who were pro-British in the war of

1812). His goal was achieved at Horseshoe Bend in March of 1814. Eventually
he forced All Indians from the area. His victory\'s impressed some people
in Washington and Jackson was put in command of the defense of New Orleans.

This show of American strength made Americans feel proud after a war filled
with military defeats. Jackson was given the nickname "Old Hickory", and
was treated as a national hero.

In 1817 he was ordered against the Seminole

Indians. He pushed them back into Spanish Florida and executed two British
subjects. Jackson instead that his actions were with approval of the Monroe
administration. His actions helped to acquire the Florida territory, and
he became a provisional governor of Florida that same year.

In 1822 the Tennessee Legislature nominated
him for president and the following year he was elected the U.S. senate.

He also nearly won the presidential campaign of 1824 however as a result
of the "corrupt bargain" with Henry Clay. Over the next four years the
current administration built a strong political machine with nationalistic
policies and a lack of concern of states rights. In 1828 through a campaign
filled with mud slinging on both sides, Andrew Jackson became the seventh

President to the United States.

Instead of the normal cabinet made up by
the president, he relied more on an informal group of newspaper writers
and northern politicians who had worked for his election. I believe that
this made him more in contact with the people of the United States, more
in contact with the public opinion and feelings toward national issues

President Jackson developed the system
of "rotation in office." This was used to protect the American people from
a development of a long-standing political group by removing long-term
office holders. His enemies accused him of corruption of civil service
for political reasons. However, I think that it was used to insure loyalty
of the people in his administration. States rights played an important
part in Jackson\'s policy\'s as president. In the case of the Cherokee Indians
vs. The State of Georgia, two Supreme Court decisions in 1831 and 1832
upholding the rights of the Cherokee nation over the State of Georgia who
had wanted to destroy Cherokee jurisdiction on it\'s land because gold had
been found on it, and the state seeing the Indians as tenants on state
land decided to "kick them out". Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that

Georgia had no jurisdiction to interfere with the rights