South Africa’s Struggles

South Africa’s


Throughout Earth’s history imperialism
has done more harm that good, to the smaller overpowered territories.

The greater more dominant nation would use and exploit the people and the
land for their own use without much concern to the devastation it is causing
to the land and the society of these territories. The native people
of the land most often loose their traditional ways of life and are
thrown into the ways and ideals of the dominating nation. However
these people are usually taken advantage of and do not share the same equality
in pay, jobs, and living standards as the people of the dominant nation.

Such an example can be seen in Cry, The Beloved Country written by Alan

Paton in 1946. This novel is talks about the deteriorating state
the South African people and their land is in, caused by modernization
from the British society. Stephen Kumalo, a priest, is brought to
the city of Johannesburg from his simple country life, to seek the fates
of his lost family members. IN the great city he sees for the first
time how imperialism has affect his people, their land, and their society
as a whole for the worst. Imperialism has caused much devastation
in South Africa and the only way to salvation is for the people of South

Africa to regain control over their own land, society, and lives.

The deteriorating situation that Imperialism
has caused on South Africa can be seen throughout the land. South

Africa use to be a land of beauty where even "the ground is holy"
(3) and the people of the land use to be part of it, treating it with respect.

After the Imperial nations began to settle in South Africa, the abuse and
rape of the land and its people began. The land is "not kept,.. or
cared for" anymore and a "sickness of the land" (22) is poisoning
everything from and of the land. They build and alter the land as
many times as they can to create roads, pollution, waste, and great cities.

However these great cities that the great imperial Empires built is any
nothing but great cities of chaos where "you can see liquor running in
the streets" (23) and "there was much prostitution" (45).. Sin and
evilness flood the streets and allies. The land is becoming more
desecrated as more and more people flee from their traditional lives
and become another victim of this great imperial illness that is spreading
throughout the land.

Yet this imperial illness is allowed to
continue throughout the land because the people are afraid to stand up
and find a cure to this illness. Much or Africa’s population
is in a state of "sleep" (184) caused by the fear of the man.

This fear that is cast upon them prevents them to awaken and "rise... with
thoughts of rebellion and dominion" (184). Kumalo believes that in
order to remove this fear they must take action and show the people they
are not afraid anymore. They must arise and strike (185) by not continuing
to work in the mines. For their pride and honor is better than the"wages" (185) that they receive from working for the people who oppress
them. By closing down the mines they will create fear back to their
oppressors. Once the mine owners see the "thoughts of rebellion" (184)
of the mine works and discover they can no longer cause fear among the
workers, their power to control them will fade away. Without this
power of control they will become uncertain as to what will happen to them
and it will "spread to every kind of industry"(189). However unity
among all of the workers must first be established. The people
must be able to unite and stand together without fear and declare for themselves
that they will no longer surrender to this illness that has sicken them
for so long.

The cure to South Africa’s illness is unity
of both black and whites to retake what right fully belong to them, their
land and society. As Kumalo is praying for the restoration
of Ndorsheni, he realizes that for Ndorsheni and South Africa as
whole to become free "men must come together" (229) and unite. They
must "do something" (229) to regain what they have lost since they
fell for Imperialism, and their lives were taken away. Both the chief and
the white man must "hold the pieces together" (230) in order to begin the
process of unity. Once they united they can work together to preserve
what they have left and