The Lord of the Flies By William Golding

The Lord of the Flies

By William Golding

1. The Author and

His Times

William Gerald Golding was born on

September 19, 1911 in Cornwall England. His father was a schoolmaster
and his mother was a suffragette. His parents had wanted him to study
science, so he did from grammar school until the second year of college.

After his second year of college, he abandoned the study of science in
favor of English literature. He wrote poetry and worked in amateur
theater for a while before becoming a teacher where he was at the beginning
of World War II. At the start of World War II, he entered the Royal
navy and served with distinction on mine sweepers, destroyers, and rocket
launchers. He believed that the horrors of World War II can be based
on some innate evil which he explores in Lord of the Flies. After
the war, he returned to teaching and writing, although had little success
getting published. He was able to get Lord of the Flies published
and it experienced great success.

2. Form, Structure,
and Plot

The Lord of the Flies contains twelve
titled chapters. The plot is simple and rarely splits into more than
one plot lines, although it does sometimes. Occasionally, the story
separates from the general group and follows one child. For example,
the story followed the first of Jack’s hunts into the jungle, and also

Simon’s wanderings to be alone. One of the techniques he uses in
organizing plot is foreshadow. Through the use and manipulation of
many symbols, he gives the reader and idea of what is to come foreshadowing
future events.

2.5 Outline of Events

Exposition - The exposition is basically
all of chapter 1 and the first part of chapter 2. The characters
are introduced and so is the problem. The readers learn that because
of the war, the children was taken to be transported someplace by plane
when the place was attacked and crashed on the island. Ralph is made
the leader of the entire group and Jack is made the leader of the hunting
party. Piggy tries to maintain order. This takes the period
of 1 day.

Rising action - The rising
action starts in the middle of chapter 2 where the boys attempt to make
a signal fire but it rages out of control. One of the boys are lost.

After this, order is slowly lost and chaos slowly takes its place.

Climax / Crises - The climax occurs when
order is completely lost, the conch is crush, and Piggy is killed.

Jack takes over the group.

Falling action - The falling action is
the brief period between the time where Jack takes over and the officer
arrives. We see the innate evil within the boys which is a reflection
of the evil within the entire mankind.

Resolution - The jungle catches fire and
a naval ship spots the smoke. An officer comes ashore just as Ralph
is being hunted by the other boys and all are rescued and taken back into

3. Point of View

Golding write the novel in the third
person perspective. There is one omniscient narrator. Although
the book generally follows Ralph, it occasionally breaks off and follows
another character for a time. This entire book is autobiographical
in that it tells us something the author wants to show us. Golding
tries to teach us and warn us of the evil nature of mankind. He says
through the book that we are evil and that it is only society that keeps
us from committing crimes.

4. Character

Golding’s characters have a depth
and are believable for the somewhat unbelievable situation they are put
in. Each character has his own fully developed personality.

He does this while maintaining a certain symbolism in the characters.

Each characters, while being their own person, symbolizes some idea, but
not to the point where the characters are flat.

Ralph - Ralph is 12 and one of the older
boys on the island. He is the leader throughout most of the book
being determined, rational, and understanding. He is dressed as in
a typical school uniform, but not as the choir boys. He tries to
understand the problem and the people on the island trying to give rational
solutions. However, psychologically, he loses faith in the boys and
decides that he has little hope to restore order into the island.

His purpose is to show the reader through his eyes the degradation of the
society on the island, and thereby show the innate evil within man.

"This expresses his understanding and caring side."

Jack - Jack is also one of the older boys
and about Ralph\'s age.