The New England, Southern and Middle Colonies Developed Differently


New England, Southern and Middle Colonies Developed Differently

America was a place for dreams and new
beginnings, until "white" people arrived in 1607. Three groups sailed over
the treacherous Atlantic from their cruel lives in England to set up peaceful
religious colonies. The only problem is that they attempted to settle in
their own way and all failed dismally. The New England, Middle and Southern

Colonies grew differently over the period 1619-1760.Examining the three
sets of colonies will prove that they were all different: socially, economically,
politically but not philosophically.

Socially the three groups of colonies
developed differently. The New England Colonies life was dominated by the

Puritan religion. There was strict observation of the Sabbath, people dressed
in somber clothing, Christmas and birthdays were not celebrated and religious
tolerance was not practiced. People supported each other to create a one-class
system: middle class, a homogenous background. In the Middle Colonies the
cosmopolitan population celebrated for any reason, wore the latest European

Fashions and practiced religious toleration. They had a two-class system
of upper class landowners and middle class professionals living in large
cities. In the Southern Colonies the plantations and cosmopolitan environment
dominated social life. The Southern Colonies had a strict three class system:
upper class rich plantation owners, middle class small plantation owners,
lower class poor whites and a population of Negroes of "no" class. As can
be seen socially all three sets of colonies were different.

The three colonies all wanted to make
money but they had to go about it in different ways. This was mainly due
to what they had available. The New England Colonies were mainly agricultural
farmers. With all the water reservoirs like Cape Cod there were plenty
of fish so lots of people became fishermen. There were a lot of lumberjacks
to cut down trees and export them to England. The Middle Colonies were
extremely different because they set up extensive cosmopolitan cities reminiscent
of New York. They had many specialists like doctors, lawyers, accountants,
and teachers. They traded a lot with in North America and occasionally
overseas. The Southern Colonies primarily depended on cotton and tobacco
plantations. As the plantations grew they had to employ black slaves. The
plantations were fully self contained with their own blacksmith, teachers
and professionals. So there were no big cities or towns. The main plantations
traded directly with Europe via the Mississippi. The three colonies all
made money differently with their diverse professions and traders.

The three colonies all had comparable
similarities, as they were all democratic. But they ran their democratic
government differently. For instance the New England Colonies was a Theocracy,
which meant that the church controlled the government. The Middle Colonies
had their church and government separate. The Southern Colonies were the
most inequitable as they were an Oligarchy. This meant that the rich plantation
owners controlled the government because they were the only people who
could afford to pay for all their own expenses. Even though the three colonies
were all democratic they all had contradictory differences.

Philosophically all the colonies were
essentially the same. They all cherished a new start in life, their own
religion, religious tolerance, trade and acquisition land.

With the same goals the three colonies
ended up principally a contradictory to each other. They all wanted to
leave England to get away from the percussion and religious intolerance.

But after a couple of years the people were just as intorlent to other
as in England. All three colonies all tried to achieve to the same goals
in a different way therefore all three colonies were separate and diverse
from each other.