The Truman Doctrine was the impetus for the change in United

States foreign policy, from isolationist to internationalists; thus
we were drawn into two wars of containment and into world affairs. The

Truman Doctrine led to a major change in U.S. foreign policy from its
inception - aid to Turkey and Greece - to its indirect influence in

Korea and Vietnam. The aftermath of World War II inspired the U.S. to
issue a proclamation that would stem Communist influence throughout
the world. However, our zeal in that achievement sent our soldiers to
die in Vietnam and Korea for a seemingly futile cause.

It must be the policy of the U.S. to support free peoples.

This is no more than a frank recognitions that totalitarian regimes
imposed on free peoples . . .undermine the foundations of . . . peace
and security of the United States.

The Truman Doctrine would change the foreign policy of the

United States and the world. This policy would first go in aid to
support the democratic regimes in Turkey and Greece. These nations
were being threatened by Soviet-supported rebels seeking to topple the
government and install a Communist regime. The Soviets were also
making extreme territorial demands especially concerning the

Dardanelles. A direct influence of this Doctrine was, of course, the

Marshall Plan. The Marshall Plan was designed to give aid to any

European country damaged during World War II. It tremendously helped
ravaged European nations such as Italy and France. By helping them
economically, the Marshall Plan indirectly helped to stem growing

Communist sentiment in these countries.

The process whereby the Truman Doctrine came to fruition was a
long and arduous one. After World War II, the Soviet Union and the

United States stood at the pinnacle of world power. By the late \'40\'s,
the U.S.S.R. had caught up to the United States\' nuclear weapons
programs. In addition, they were very land-hungry. Throughout Russia\'s
history, they have been in search of a port - a quest advanced further
by Peter the Great and Catherine the Great. The Soviets in that
respect were direct threats to their non-Communist neighbors: Greece,

Turkey, and Iran.

In Iran, the U.S.S.R. was not evacuating Iran\'s northern
provinces despite entreaties from the United States. In Turkey, the

Soviet Union coveted several naval bases along the Straits of

Dardanelles. Further, they pressured Turkey for border cessions that

Turkey had taken from Russia after World War I. In Greece, the Soviets
encouraged the insurgent leader Markos Vafiades with arms and economic
support. The British troops helping the Grecian government were
strangled of supplies due to poor economic times in Britain. Also,
further territorial requisitions to Yugoslavia, Albania, and Bulgaria
were being made.

Seeing the deteriorating U.S. - Soviet relations, Truman
issued two statements about "agreements, violations, reparations, and

Soviet actions threatening U.S. security." "1. The Middle East is of
strategic importance to the U.S.S.R.(from which they are in range of
an air attack.) 2. The U.S. must be prepared to wage atomic and
biological warfare." (Ferrel 247) Soon after, he sent bombers to the

Middle East. He desired the return of all arms given to U.S.S.R. under
the Lend-Lease Act.

There isn\'t a doubt in my mind that Russia intends an invasion
of Turkey and seizure of the Black Sea straits to the Mediterranean.

Unless Russia is faced with an iron fist and strong language another
war is in the making, How many divisions have you? Truman had his eye
on the Soviets and on war. However, The U.S.S.R. never made such
invasions and thus quelled Truman\'s paranoia. The Truman Doctrine was
starting to develop during 1947 when Truman issued several statements.

1. The present Russian ambassador . . . persona non grata . . . does
not belong in Washington.

2. Urge Stalin to pay us a visit.

3. Settle the Korean question give the Koreans a government of their

4. Settle the Manchurian question .. . support Chang Kai-Shek for a
strong China.

5. Agree to discussion of Russia\'s lend-lease debt to the U.S.

6. Agree to commercial air treaty.

7. Make it plain that we have no territorial ambitions. That we only
want peace, but we\'ll fight for it!

Truman also set several goals for questioned territories: The

U.S. would go to war if provoked. The Danube, Trieste, Dardanelles,

Kiel Canal, and Rhine-Danube waterway should by free to all nations.

Manchuria should be Chinese, Dairen should be a free port. Russia
should have Kuriles and Sakhalin . . . Germany should be occupied\'according to Yalta.\' Austria should not be treated as an enemy
country. After these announcements the British disclosed that they
could no longer give aid to Turkey and Greece and that the U.S. must
pick up