Titanic

Titanic

When people hear the name Titanic many
vivid and emotional images come to mind. Visions of the very last
yet frantic final moments titanic spent afloat before sinking to its watery
grave miles below the surface. No one however pictures everything
that had happened before and after the great liner sank, or the passengers
and crew who were doomed to be aboard the massive ship. Many factors made
what was titanic, her crew the passengers and the inevitable crash.

The story of titanic started in Belfast,

Ireland where hundreds of hard working men spent countless hours building
what was at 46,328 gross tonnage the largest moving object at the time.

The R.M.S. Titanic was owned by American tycoon J.P. Morgan, but was being
operated on the British owned White Star line. The ship was reported
to have cost some where between $7,500,000 - $10,000,000. It was
to be Bruce Ismay’s crowning achievement and at 882 ½ feet long
and 100 feet high it truly was. Mr. Thomas Andrews the ship designer
gave her a revolutionary layout, and it appears that titanic was built
to accommodate up to 64 lifeboats yet had only 16 aboard and 4 collapsible
lifeboats were added last minute giving a life boat capacity of only 1,176.

Now we come to the passengers and crew
who were aboard the ill-fated liner. The captain was Edward James

Smith a very reputable and respected captain. The maiden voyage was
to be Captain Smith’s last and he has even been quoted as saying "nothing
exciting ever happens on my trips". As Titanic was the ship of al ships
her passengers were the whose who of the world. Aboard were American
millionaire John Jacob Astor and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. Isador Strauss,

Mr. Benjamin Guggenheim and his mistress, the "unsinkable" Molly Brown
and the Countess of Rothes.

As it seems the massive liner was doomed
to infamy from the very beginning. At on Wednesday April 10, 1912
the R.M.S. Titanic started to depart from Southampton on its way to New

York City. Just as titanic left port a dangerous suction started and pulled
another ship the New York into a crash course with the immense ship and
it wasn’t until the last possible minute that a huge surge of water pushed
the New York out of harms way. Yet just as it seemed that disaster
was averted another major problem started. In coal bunker # 5 spontaneous
combustion caused a very destructive fire that took 3 days to extinguish.

Mr. Andrews was sent to examine the damages and reported that the fire
compromised the steel and could have possible damaged the airtight compartments.

The next topic needed to cover is the controversial events leading up to
and including the crash on April 14, 1912. The day started out with
clear weather and with the boat at a full 22 ½ knots what seemed
to be smooth sailing, but nothing could have prepared them for what would
happen later that night. That night the temperature suddenly dropped
down t a chilling 31 degrees Fahrenheit with a wind chill of only 0 degrees

Fahrenheit in the crow’s nest. Titanic was travelling too fast in condition
so dangerous that other ships had stopped for the night. At 10:00
p.m. Frederick Fleet took his place as look out in the crow’s nest, with
only one problem his binoculars had been missing since leaving Southampton

4 days earlier. At 11:40 p.m. that night everything was calm including
the usually turbulent ocean, but the calm was suddenly shattered by what
is now one of the most famous quotes ever "Iceberg right ahead".

Almost immediately Officer Murdoch ordered the ship to full reverse and
hard to port which basically means to turn left. One major design
flaw came into play here, the rudders were too small so the ship did not
turn in time and so the ship hit the iceberg on her starboard side leaving
a tiny trail of small punctures in the hull. These small breaks were
all that was needed to seal the fate of titanic and her passengers for
now over 400 tons of water was pouring in every minute. As soon as
the reality of everything set in Mr. Andrews was sent to inspect that damage
caused by the iceberg, the results were almost unbelievable. The
iceberg caused 5 of the 16 airtight compartments to fill with water, one
more that ever imagined in any accident. Mr. Andrews conclusion was
that the ship everyone said, "G-D himself could not sink" was going to
be at the bottom of the ocean in a matter of hours. With this tragic
news