To Kill a Mockingbird: Racism

To Kill a

Mockingbird: Racism

In Harper Leeís book, To Kill A Mockingbird,
there are many examples of racism. During this time in history racism was
acceptable. Racism is a key theme in her book.

Not only those who were black, but also
those who affiliated with blacks, were considered inferior. Atticus, a
lawyer, who defended blacks in court, was mocked. An example of this is
when Mrs. Dubose said, "Your fatherís [Atticus] no better than the niggers
and trash he works for!" Mr. Dolphus Raymond was also criticized for affiliating
with blacks, especially black females. Example is when Jem said, "He likes
Ďem [blacks] better Ďn he likes us [whites], I reckon." Basically, you
were black if you "liked" blacks.

Blacks, because they were considered inferior,
were expected to do everything for whites. Everything had to be perfect,
without excuse. Even when Calpurnia, a Finch family friend, did not make
the perfect cup of coffee, she was mocked. Book excerpt, "She [Calpurnia]
poured one tablespoon of coffee into it and filled the cup to the brim
with milk. I [Scout] thanked her by sticking out my tongue...". Even when
blacks did do good, they were still mocked. An example is when Aunt Alexandra
said, "Jemís growing up now and you are too. We decided that it would be
best for you to have some feminine influence." Even though Calpurnia was
a female, Aunt Alexandra over-looked this, because of her race. People
were so biased, it didnít matter how good a job a black person did.

Since there was such strong racism in Maycomb,
there were excuses made for whites. In the book, it was obvious that Bob

Ewell was a mean man. It was also obvious that he was abusive to his daughter,

Mayella, and he was the one who violated her, not Tom Robinson, because
what the evidence showed. But, the people of Maycomb over-looked the evidence
in favor of Tom Robinson, just because he was black.

In Harper Leeís book, To Kill A Mockingbird,
there are many examples
of racism. The legal barriers to racial
equality have been torn down, and racial exclusion from the benefits of
society and the rights of citizenship is no longer nearly total, as it
once was. But discrimination still limits the opportunities and stifles
the hopes of many black Americans and other minorities. In the realms of
housing, employment, medical care, education and the administration of
the criminal justice system, we are still, as the 1968 Kerner Commission

Report on civil disorders warned, "two separate Americas." At this moment
in our nationís history, it is critical that we move definitively forward
in remedying the effects of discrimination. But tragically, the most successful
civil rights remedies have come under attack from conservative politicians
and pundits. Affirmative action, for example, which is to be credited with
the creation of an increasingly diverse workforce, has come under intense
criticism. Voting rights laws, which have begun to integrate the halls
of Congress and state legislatures, are also under attack. As long as our
society is ridden with race-based problems, we will need race-based remedies.

And while we have come a long way, we still have a long way to go.