This essay World Influence on the Modernization of Africa has a total of 1748 words and 9 pages.
World Influence on the Modernization of Africa
Influence on the Modernization of Africa
Developing Political Systems
The way countries, nations or states act
and base their policies on many times reflect what their past was like.
This is very true in the case of Africa. The only problem is that
Africa is said to have no history. This just means that Africa’s many cultures
did not affect the way imperialists and other influences acted towards
the huge continent. Everything was based on their interests and consequently
this meant that the way of dealing with Africa in every way was based on
Western traditionalists. To this we must answer the question how has the
Western World affected Africa’s present stage and what must be done to
undo what is wrong and hopefully correct this situation.
Africa first played a role in Europe’s
and the America’s history when the U.S. and Great Britain needed labor.
They needed a lot of it and they needed it cheap. There was nothing cheaper
than free labor. It would require an initial investment to African "leaders"
but it paid off almost instantaneously. This is what we used to call slave
trading. In around the 1860’s this became an illegal act. However, like
any other crime, this trading could not be stopped entirely. British Naval
ships were set up as blockades but sometimes Slaves were stored in spaces
that were no higher than 12 inches so not all slave carrying boats could
be stopped. In fact while the Navy stopped approximately 103,000 slaves
from entering the slave force about 1.7 million entered it. Since this
trade was illegal it was even more profitable than before. The slaves that
were stopped from being shipped all the way west were being sent to Freetown,
Sierra Leone and Monrovia, Liberia and they were called recaptives. These
were towns set up by the British and some liberal Americans to send former
slaves and recaptives back to their home continent. It wasn’t their home
but it certainly was a lot closer than before. These recaptives were not
welcome with open arms because they had renounced their religions and African
names and replaced them with Christianity and English names. They did this
because they felt they had been betrayed when they were sold in the first
place. There was even more hostility to these recaptives because they spoke
English and the British, along with the rest of Europe, were the ones starting
to take over Africa politically. When Europe came into power they took
their English speaking, Christian modernizers and put them in charge of
the newly colonized countries.
Africa was colonized by Europe by countries
such as Great Britain and France, which one can still see evidence of today.
This was done at the Berlin Conference. The only two countries not directly
colonized where Ethiopia for somewhat religious and Biblical reasons and
Liberia, which had a legitimate government and this way the West would
not have to directly imperialists the country but could just tell the leaders
what, they wanted. The leaders obliged in return for not being colonized.
When first colonized the many cultures languages and religions were not
considered. Consequentially many opposing people came to live in the same
state and this resulted in bloody hatred and eventually civil wars in many
of these countries. Europe did not realize how many different nations there
were in Africa when they were dividing it up amongst themselves. They just
wanted to colonize and wanted equal shares for each other. Possible tension
did not enter the minds of these colonizers and even if did it did not
severely alter any decisions. In fact it was better for them if no group
had a majority in a region because this would lessen the chance of a revolution.
The peripheral countries of these new African boundaries usually did what
the European core countries did. They wanted to enhance their status quo.
The peripheral countries were heavily exploited. Their raw materials were
taken from them relatively cheaply made into sellable products and sold
to the world and back to Africa at high prices. At this rate Africa’s economy
would never go up and would probably even go down. Since agriculture was
its only source of income not much more could be done.
Many people question why Africa did not
use its raw materials to make its own processed finished products. The
answer is that there was heavy discrimination against this idea by the
West. If Africa tried to use their cocoa to make their own chocolate the
Swiss, for example, would say the world does not want chocolate from Ghana
they want Swiss chocolate. The
Topics Related to World Influence on the Modernization of Africa
Commonwealth republics, Member states of the African Union, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, Member states of the United Nations, Republics, Sierra Leone, Western influence on Africa, South Africa, Colonialism, Back-to-Africa movement, Berlin Conference, Postcolonialism
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